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Impact of Horizontal Resolution on Precipitation in Complex Orography Simulated by the Regional Climate Model RCA3


Güttler, Ivan; Stepanov, Igor; Branković, Čedo; Nikulin, Grigory; Jones, Colin
Impact of Horizontal Resolution on Precipitation in Complex Orography Simulated by the Regional Climate Model RCA3 // Monthly weather review, 143 (2015), 3610-3627 doi:10.1175/MWR-D-14-00302.1 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Impact of Horizontal Resolution on Precipitation in Complex Orography Simulated by the Regional Climate Model RCA3

Autori
Güttler, Ivan ; Stepanov, Igor ; Branković, Čedo ; Nikulin, Grigory ; Jones, Colin

Izvornik
Monthly weather review (0027-0644) 143 (2015); 3610-3627

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Europe; Orographic effects; Climate models

Sažetak
The hydrostatic regional climate model RCA, version 3 (RCA3), of the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute was used to dynamically downscale ERA-40 and the ECMWF operational analysis over a 22-yr period. Downscaling was performed at four horizontal resolutions—50, 25, 12.5, and 6.25 km—over an identical European domain. The model-simulated precipitation is evaluated against high- resolution gridded observational precipitation datasets over Switzerland and southern Norway, regions that are characterized by complex orography and distinct climate regimes. RCA3 generally overestimates precipitation over high mountains: during winter and summer over Switzerland and during summer over central- southern Norway. In the summer, this is linked with a substantial contribution of convective precipitation to the total precipitation errors, especially at the coarser resolutions (50 and 25 km). A general improvement in spatial correlation coefficients between simulated and observed precipitation is observed when the horizontal resolution is increased from 50 to 6 km. The 95th percentile spatial correlation coefficients during winter are much higher for southern Norway than for Switzerland, indicating that RCA3 is more successful at reproducing a relatively simple west-to-east precipitation gradient over southern Norway than a much more complex and variable precipitation distribution over Switzerland. The 6-km simulation is not always superior to the other simulations, possibly indicating that the model dynamical and physical configuration at this resolution may not have been optimal. However, a general improvement in simulated precipitation with increasing resolution supports further use and application of high spatial resolutions in RCA3.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2013-11-2831 - Klima jadranske regije u njenom globalnom kontekstu (Mirko Orlić, )

Ustanove
Državni hidrometeorološki zavod

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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