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Epoxy-matrix composites filled with surface-modified SiO2 nanoparticles


Macan, Jelena; Paljar, Klaudia; Burmas, Bruno; Špehar, Goran; Leskovac, Mirela; Gajović, Andreja
Epoxy-matrix composites filled with surface-modified SiO2 nanoparticles // Book of Abstracts
Ljubljana, Slovenija, 2015. (predavanje, nije recenziran, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Epoxy-matrix composites filled with surface-modified SiO2 nanoparticles

Autori
Macan, Jelena ; Paljar, Klaudia ; Burmas, Bruno ; Špehar, Goran ; Leskovac, Mirela ; Gajović, Andreja

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Book of Abstracts / - , 2015

ISBN
978-3-940237-34-7

Skup
3rd Central and Eastern European Conference on Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

Mjesto i datum
Ljubljana, Slovenija, 25-28.08.2015

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Nije recenziran

Ključne riječi
composite; epoxy; silica; nanofiller; properties

Sažetak
To prepare polymer-matrix composites with good mechanical properties, inorganic fillers are modified by coupling agents in order to create an interphase. Composites based on epoxy resin and commercially available SiO2 nanoparticles were prepared. Nanoparticles were previously treated with a coupling agent, 3-glycidyloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GLYMO), dissolved in toluene or in ethanol/water mixture (1/1 volume ratio). Successful modification of the nanoparticles was confirmed by infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), which displayed bands characteristic of C-H and epoxy group, and combined differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis (DSC-TGA), which showed the additional mass loss due to organic modification. Composite materials were prepared by adding 0, 5 – 5 phr (parts per hundred parts of resin) of nanoparticles into an epoxy resin (diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A) which was then cured with a poly(oxypropylene) diamine. Curing was followed by DSC, and cured materials were characterised by tensile and hardness testing. Morphology of fractured surfaces (after tensile testing) was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Thermal stability of cured materials was studied by TGA, and their glass transition temperature determined by DSC. Presence of the filler does not influence the curing mechanism of epoxy resin. All composites show improved mechanical properties (both hardness and tensile) in comparison with unfilled resin, especially for smaller nanofiller content, which can be explained by better dispersion of unmodified nanoparticles at lower contents. Poor dispersion at 5 phr is clearly visible in SEM micrographs. Samples prepared with nanoparticles modified in ethanol/water mixture exhibit significant increase of elongation at break, instead of brittle fracture characteristic of cured epoxy resin. We suggest that modified nanoparticles form loosely bonded agglomerates which act as a separate, elastic phase and have a toughening effect on the epoxy matrix. Glass transition shifts to higher temperatures in composites, and they exhibit improved thermal stability.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne tehničke znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
125-1252970-3005 - Biokeramički, polimerni i kompozitni nanostrukturirani materijali (Hrvoje Ivanković, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Fakultet kemijskog inženjerstva i tehnologije, Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Klaudia Paljar (autor)

Avatar Url Mirela Leskovac (autor)

Avatar Url Andreja Gajović (autor)

Avatar Url Jelena Macan (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Macan, Jelena; Paljar, Klaudia; Burmas, Bruno; Špehar, Goran; Leskovac, Mirela; Gajović, Andreja
Epoxy-matrix composites filled with surface-modified SiO2 nanoparticles // Book of Abstracts
Ljubljana, Slovenija, 2015. (predavanje, nije recenziran, sažetak, znanstveni)
Macan, J., Paljar, K., Burmas, B., Špehar, G., Leskovac, M. & Gajović, A. (2015) Epoxy-matrix composites filled with surface-modified SiO2 nanoparticles. U: Book of Abstracts.
@article{article, year = {2015}, pages = {137}, keywords = {composite, epoxy, silica, nanofiller, properties}, isbn = {978-3-940237-34-7}, title = {Epoxy-matrix composites filled with surface-modified SiO2 nanoparticles}, keyword = {composite, epoxy, silica, nanofiller, properties}, publisherplace = {Ljubljana, Slovenija} }