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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 772038

Pušenje duhana kao uzrok kronične nespecifične bolesti pluća


Mimica, Milorad; Šarić, Marko; Malinar, Marta
Pušenje duhana kao uzrok kronične nespecifične bolesti pluća // Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 29 (1978), 289-304 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


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Naslov
Pušenje duhana kao uzrok kronične nespecifične bolesti pluća
(Tobacco smoking as a cause of chronic nonspecific lung disease)

Autori
Mimica, Milorad ; Šarić, Marko ; Malinar, Marta

Izvornik
Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju (0004-1254) 29 (1978); 289-304

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
bolest; pluća; konična; nespecifična; duhan; pušenje; Hrvatska
(disease; pulmonary; chronic; nonspecific; tobacco; smoking; Croatia)

Sažetak
Summary The relationship between cigarette smoking and respiratory symptoms and ventilatory impairments was studied in a sample of 1575 men and 1690 women aged 38—57 years. Among men there were 490 nonsmokers, 263 past smokers and 822 smokers, and among women 1386 nonsmokers, 54 past smokers and 250 smokers. The smokers were grouped according to the number of cigarettes they smoked daily: 1—10 cigarettes, 11—20 cigarettes, 21—30 cigarettes and more than 30 cigarettes. Chronic expectoration was four times more frequent in the smokers who smoked more than 20 cigarettes daily than in nonsmokers, but the symptoms of dyspnea during exertion and asthma were twice as frequent as in nonsmokers. Bronchial rales and prolonged expiration determined by auscultation were two to four times more frequent in heavy smokers than in nonsmokers. Mostly, the mean FEVi and FVC values were the lower the more cigarettes the smokers smoked daily, but even in the heaviest smokers they were usually only about 5—10 per cent lower than in nonsmokers. The FEVt values lower than 80 per cent of the normal and FEVi/FVC values lower than 60 per cerit were still about twice as frequent in heavy smokers as in nonsmokers. The impairment of respiratory functions over a three-year period was usually the greater the more cigarettes the smokers smoked. In the heavest smoker it was about 1.6 times greater than in nonsmokers. It is concluded that long-term smoking, doubtlessly, although not dramatically, contributes to the impairment of respiratory organs in most smokers. The impairment is the more severe the greater the number of cigarettes smoked daily. The assumption that in some people smoking to a small extent may be a useful stimulus to the development of respiratory functions, can not be ruled out because best respiratory functions, for instance, were found in women who stopped smoking. The smokers who claimed to inhale deeply the tobacco smoke complained of cough more often than those who ddd not inhale. Unexpected, however, was the finding that men who claimed to inhale had better FEVi and FVC value- than those who did not. The mean values of the tested ventilatory functions were slightly lower in smokers who smoked low quality cigarettes, but in these smokers a possibility of interaction of other factors cannot be excluded.

Izvorni jezik
Hrvatski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti

Napomena
Navedeno je 19 literaturnih navoda.



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove:
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Marko Šarić (autor)

Avatar Url Milorad Mimica (autor)


Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Mimica, Milorad; Šarić, Marko; Malinar, Marta
Pušenje duhana kao uzrok kronične nespecifične bolesti pluća // Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 29 (1978), 289-304 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Mimica, M., Šarić, M. & Malinar, M. (1978) Pušenje duhana kao uzrok kronične nespecifične bolesti pluća. Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 29, 289-304.
@article{article, year = {1978}, pages = {289-304}, keywords = {bolest, plu\'{c}a, koni\v{c}na, nespecifi\v{c}na, duhan, pu\v{s}enje, Hrvatska}, journal = {Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju}, volume = {29}, issn = {0004-1254}, title = {Pu\v{s}enje duhana kao uzrok kroni\v{c}ne nespecifi\v{c}ne bolesti plu\'{c}a}, keyword = {bolest, plu\'{c}a, koni\v{c}na, nespecifi\v{c}na, duhan, pu\v{s}enje, Hrvatska} }
@article{article, year = {1978}, pages = {289-304}, keywords = {disease, pulmonary, chronic, nonspecific, tobacco, smoking, Croatia}, journal = {Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju}, volume = {29}, issn = {0004-1254}, title = {Tobacco smoking as a cause of chronic nonspecific lung disease}, keyword = {disease, pulmonary, chronic, nonspecific, tobacco, smoking, Croatia} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE





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