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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 76653

Motility and substratum adhesion of Dictyostelium wild-type and cytoskeletal mutant cells: a study by RICM/bright-field double-view image analysis


Weber, Igor; Wallraff, E.; Albrecht, R.; Gerisch, G.
Motility and substratum adhesion of Dictyostelium wild-type and cytoskeletal mutant cells: a study by RICM/bright-field double-view image analysis // Journal of Cell Science, 108 (1995), 1519-1530 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Motility and substratum adhesion of Dictyostelium wild-type and cytoskeletal mutant cells: a study by RICM/bright-field double-view image analysis

Autori
Weber, Igor ; Wallraff, E. ; Albrecht, R. ; Gerisch, G.

Izvornik
Journal of Cell Science (0021-9533) 108 (1995); 1519-1530

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Sažetak
To investigate the dynamics of cell-substratum adhesion during locomotion, a double-view optical technique and computer-assisted image analysis has been developed which combines reflection interference contrast microscopy (RICM) with bright-field imaging. The simultaneous recording of cell-substratum contact and cell body contour has been applied to aggregation-competent cells of Dictyostelium discoideum. These cells are distinguished from cells at earlier stages of development by small areas of contact to a substratum. Three questions have been addressed in analysing the locomotion of aggregation-competent cells. (1) What is the relationship between changes in the shape of cells and their contact to a substratum during a chemotactic response? (2) What is the relationship between protrusion and retraction of the cell body, and between local attachment and detachment? (3) Are there differences between wild-type and mutant cells that lack certain cytoskeletal proteins? During a chemotactic response the front region of the amoeba can bend towards the gradient of attractant without being supported by its contact with a surface, which excludes the necessity for gradients of adhesion for the response. The finding that in locomoting cells protrusion of the leading edge often precedes retraction establishes a pioneer role for the front region. The finding that gain of contact area precedes loss provides evidence for the coordination of interactions between the cell surface and a substratum. For comparison with wild-type, aggregation-competent triple mutant cells have been used that lack two F-actin crosslinking proteins, alpha-actinin and 120 kDa gelation factor, and an actin filament fragmenting protein, severin. Disturbances in the spatial and temporal control of cytoskeletal activities have been unravelled in the mutant by RICM and quantified by cross-correlation analysis of attachment and detachment vectors. In order to detect these disturbances, it was essential to analyse cell locomotion on the weakly adhesive surface of freshly cleaved mica.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
00981005

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Igor Weber, (162634)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Weber, Igor; Wallraff, E.; Albrecht, R.; Gerisch, G.
Motility and substratum adhesion of Dictyostelium wild-type and cytoskeletal mutant cells: a study by RICM/bright-field double-view image analysis // Journal of Cell Science, 108 (1995), 1519-1530 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Weber, I., Wallraff, E., Albrecht, R. & Gerisch, G. (1995) Motility and substratum adhesion of Dictyostelium wild-type and cytoskeletal mutant cells: a study by RICM/bright-field double-view image analysis. Journal of Cell Science, 108, 1519-1530.
@article{article, year = {1995}, pages = {1519-1530}, keywords = {}, journal = {Journal of Cell Science}, volume = {108}, issn = {0021-9533}, title = {Motility and substratum adhesion of Dictyostelium wild-type and cytoskeletal mutant cells: a study by RICM/bright-field double-view image analysis}, keyword = {} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • Biological Abstracts