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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 765699

MCMV encoded highly abundant transcript with several coding, non-coding and immune-evasive roles


Vanda Juranić Lisnić, Branka Popović, Anne L’Hernault, Marina Babić Čač, Berislav Lisnić, Astrid Krmpotić, Lars Dolken, Stipan Jonjić
MCMV encoded highly abundant transcript with several coding, non-coding and immune-evasive roles // CMV COnference program and abstracts
Brisbane, Australija, 2015. (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
MCMV encoded highly abundant transcript with several coding, non-coding and immune-evasive roles

Autori
Vanda Juranić Lisnić, Branka Popović, Anne L’Hernault, Marina Babić Čač, Berislav Lisnić, Astrid Krmpotić, Lars Dolken, Stipan Jonjić

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
CMV COnference program and abstracts / - , 2015

Skup
15th International Congenital CMV Conference and 15th International CMV/Beta Herpes VIrus Workshop

Mjesto i datum
Brisbane, Australija, 20.-24.04.2015

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
cmv; cytomegalovirus; NK cells; Ly49; m04; MAT

Sažetak
Recent advances in sequencing technology enabled us to perform comprehensive transcriptomic profiling of MCMV infection of MEFs and demonstrate that transcriptional profile and coding potential of herpesviruses have a much greater complexity than previously anticipated. Our analysis identified numerous novel spliced and unspliced MCMV transcripts, among which the most abundant viral transcripts are novel transcripts of unknown function. Among these, MAT (Most Abundant Transcript) is the most highly expressed throughout the infection. It has been shown earlier that MAT encodes a protein (Juranic Lisnic et al (2013) PLOS Pathogens) and contains a binding site for cellular microRNA miR-27 (Marcinowski et al (2012) PLOS Pathogens), making it a first reported viral transcript with coding and non-coding functions. We have recently detected an additional protein encoded by this enigmatic transcript, and here we report that deletion of the MCMV genomic region encoding MAT results in attenuation of the virus in vivo. However, the underlying mechanisms are not completely elucidated due to multiple functions MAT performs in the infected cells. On one hand, MAT deficiency results in failure to deplete cellular levels of miR-27, an important regulator of cell-cycle, while on the other MAT deletion mutants evade the detection by NK cells through activating Ly49 receptors P, L and D2. We also show that absence of MAT results in dramatic changes of host and viral peptides presented in the context of MHC I. In conclusion, not only does MAT provide an excellent example of the complex regulatory potential of herpesviral genes, where single transcripts exerts numerous and diverse functions, it also raises the question of how many new herpesviral genes, especially immune evasion genes, remain to be discovered.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2013-11-7132 - Aktivacijski receptori NK-stanica specifični za virus i njihovo izbjegavanje od strane virusa (Astrid Krmpotić, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Rijeka

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Vanda Juranić Lisnić, Branka Popović, Anne L’Hernault, Marina Babić Čač, Berislav Lisnić, Astrid Krmpotić, Lars Dolken, Stipan Jonjić
MCMV encoded highly abundant transcript with several coding, non-coding and immune-evasive roles // CMV COnference program and abstracts
Brisbane, Australija, 2015. (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)
Vanda Juranić Lisnić, Branka Popović, Anne L’Hernault, Marina Babić Čač, Berislav Lisnić, Astrid Krmpotić, Lars Dolken, Stipan Jonjić (2015) MCMV encoded highly abundant transcript with several coding, non-coding and immune-evasive roles. U: CMV COnference program and abstracts.
@article{article, year = {2015}, keywords = {cmv, cytomegalovirus, NK cells, Ly49, m04, MAT}, title = {MCMV encoded highly abundant transcript with several coding, non-coding and immune-evasive roles}, keyword = {cmv, cytomegalovirus, NK cells, Ly49, m04, MAT}, publisherplace = {Brisbane, Australija} }