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Income vs. Consumption-based concept of direct taxation: eternal debate in Croatia


Šimović, Hrvoje; Blažić, Helena; Štambuk, Ana
Income vs. Consumption-based concept of direct taxation: eternal debate in Croatia // Challenges of Europe: Growth, competitiveness and inequality
Hvar, Hrvatska, 2015. (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


Naslov
Income vs. Consumption-based concept of direct taxation: eternal debate in Croatia

Autori
Šimović, Hrvoje ; Blažić, Helena ; Štambuk, Ana

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
Challenges of Europe: Growth, competitiveness and inequality / - , 2015

Skup
11th International Conference Challenges of Europe: Growth, competitiveness and inequality

Mjesto i datum
Hvar, Hrvatska, 27-29.05.2015

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Consumption-based (interest adjusted) concept; income-based concept; allowance for corporate equity; direct taxation; Croatia

Sažetak
In 2014, Croatia marked 20 years from the first big tax reform, which set up foundations of the current tax system to a great extent. The 1994 tax reform was in the spotlight of numerous debates in Croatian as well as international tax literature. At the time, Croatia was the only country consistently implementing consumption-based taxation i.e. interest- adjusted personal and corporate income tax. Special contribution to the debate was influenced by the Allowance for Corporate Equity, called “protective interest” in Croatia. In the paper, we present the results of a broad expert opinion survey about the Croatian tax system with special emphasis on elements contributing to consumption- versus income-based concept debate. The paper explores determinants of experts’ policy opinions in Croatia related to some personal values regarding redistribution issues and professional (expert) economic views and beliefs on how the tax policy affects the economy. The research focuses on several questions/statements i.e. dichotomous dependent variables for which (non)-taxation presents the main precondition for the existence of consumption or income-based system of direct taxation. From their perspective, robust econometric models are constructed with relevant socio-economic and demographic independent variables. The results imply that there are no consistent and significant expert attitudes toward different concepts of taxation. Accordingly, the results are in line with the existence of the current hybrid system i.e. system with elements of income- and consumption-based system of direct taxation. Regression results indicate that consumption- based elements of direct taxation are influenced by attitudes towards equity, neutrality, and efficiency as well as, to a lesser extent, by some demographic variables (employment sector and education).

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Ekonomija

Napomena
Sveučilište u Rijeci, projekt 13.02.1.2.02, voditelj: prof.dr. Helena Blažić, Ekonomski fakultet Rijeka Hrvatska zaklada za znanost, projekt IP-2013- 11- 8174, voditelj: prof.dr. Helena Blažić, Ekonomski fakultet Rijeka



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
13.02.1.2.02
HRZZ-IP-2013-11-8174 - Porezna politika i fiskalna konsolidacija u Hrvatskoj (Helena Blažić, )

Ustanove
Ekonomski fakultet, Zagreb,
Ekonomski fakultet, Rijeka