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Cell density-dependent changes of glycosphingolipid biosynthesis in cultured human skin fibroblasts


Vukelić, Željka; Kalanj-Bognar, Svjetlana
Cell density-dependent changes of glycosphingolipid biosynthesis in cultured human skin fibroblasts // Glycoconjugate Journal, 18 (2001), 6; 429-437 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Cell density-dependent changes of glycosphingolipid biosynthesis in cultured human skin fibroblasts

Autori
Vukelić, Željka ; Kalanj-Bognar, Svjetlana

Izvornik
Glycoconjugate Journal 18 (2001), 6; 429-437

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis de novo; cell density; normal human skin fibroblasts

Sažetak
In this study, the glycosphingolipid biosynthesis was investigated in the sparse and the confluent cell populations of cultured human skin fibroblasts. The human skin fibroblast cell populations were metabolically pulse labeled with 14C-galactose (48h). The amounts of 14C-radioactivity (cpm) incorporated into extracted and purified total cellular glycosphingolipid fractions were counted by ß-scintillation and the individual glycosphingolipid species were separated by high performance thin layer chromatography and visualized by autoradiography. The relative labeling (%) of individual newly synthesized glycosphingolipid species was detected by densitometric scanning of autoradiographic glycosphingolipid patterns. The incorporation of 14C-label into total glycosphingolipids per cell increased significantly as the cell-density increased, referring to five fold higher rate of glycosphingolipid biosynthesis de novo in cells at confluency vs. sparse populations. The total newly synthesized glycosphingolipid pattern (100%) of sparse cell populations showed a significant predominance of the gangliosides (70%) over the neutral glycosphingolipids (30%), with ganglioside GM2 as the major species followed by monohexosyl-ceramide. Oppositely, the newly synthesized neutral glycosphingolipids (67%) predominated over the gangliosides (33%) in cells at confluency (contact inhibition). Cells reaching confluency were characterized by: (a) a dramatic increase of absolute amount of all newly synthesized neutral glycosphingolipid species, particularly the most abundant monohexosyl-ceramide and trihexosyl-ceramide, but also of the ganglioside GM3; (b) a drastic decrease of absolute amount of newly synthesized ganglioside GM2. The specific shift in newly synthesized glycosphingolipid pattern in cells reaching confluency suggests a down-regulation of biosynthetic pathway primarily at the level of N-acetylgalactosaminyl-transferase. A possible involvement of glycosphingolipids in cell density-dependent regulation of cell growth through establishment of the direct intermolecular intermembrane interactions is discussed.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
108121

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI