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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 75934

The Additivity of the Correlation Energy in Organic 3D Molecules

Barić, Danijela; Maksić, Zvonimir B.
The Additivity of the Correlation Energy in Organic 3D Molecules // Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 106 (2002), 8; 1612-1618 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

The Additivity of the Correlation Energy in Organic 3D Molecules

Barić, Danijela ; Maksić, Zvonimir B.

Journal of Physical Chemistry A (1089-5639) 106 (2002), 8; 1612-1618

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Basis-set extrapolation. 2nd-order perturbation-theory. Density-functional theory. Ab initio calculations. Thermochemical data
(Basis-set extrapolation; 2nd-order perturbation-theory; density-functional theory; Ab initio calculations; thermochemical data)

We found, by using the theoretical MP2 model, that correlation energy of the valence electrons in a large number of 3D organic molecules follows very simple additivity rule resembling that established earlier in planar pi-systems. Namely, it turns out that the total correlation energy is a multilinear function of the number of atoms of each element entering a molecule. Extrapolating the calculated correlation energies to the complete basis set (CBS) values, it occurs that the additivity holds for E(CBS)_corr too. We believe that computational methods more rigorous than MP2 will confirm the additivity in the future and show that it is a genuine molecular property. The additivity formula for the valence electrons correlation energies could serve as a diagnostic tool to identify cases where significant nonadditivity takes place. In such situations the electronic structure apparently exhibits some subtleties, which are not present in other, more or less related molecules, thus deserving a meticulous scrutiny. The additivity of the Hartree-Fock energies was examined too. Deviations from the additivity in the selected set of gauge molecules (substituted alkanes) is much higher than for the correlation energy. Highly strained molecules exhibit dramatic nonadditivities, which are identified as the angular strain energies. It is found that HF energies extrapolated to the complete basis yield the angular strain destabilizations much closer to the experimental estimates. Introduction of the offset value enables almost quantitative prediction of the angular strain effect in the series cyclopropane, cyclobutane, cyclopentane and tetrahedrane.

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Znanstvena područja


Projekt / tema

Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:

  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus