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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 759291

Usefulness of liver test, biological markers and transient elastography-cap in detection of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in patients with chronic kidney disease and coronary heart disease


Mikolasević, Ivana; Rački, Sanjin; Devčić, Bosiljka; Zaputović, Luka; Štimac, Davor; Lukenda, Vesna; Anić, Kata; Orlić, Lidija
Usefulness of liver test, biological markers and transient elastography-cap in detection of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in patients with chronic kidney disease and coronary heart disease // 4th Congress of Nephrology of Bosnia and Herzegovina with international participation : book of abstracts / Mesić, Enisa (ur.).
Sarajevo, 2015. str. 74-74 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Usefulness of liver test, biological markers and transient elastography-cap in detection of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in patients with chronic kidney disease and coronary heart disease

Autori
Mikolasević, Ivana ; Rački, Sanjin ; Devčić, Bosiljka ; Zaputović, Luka ; Štimac, Davor ; Lukenda, Vesna ; Anić, Kata ; Orlić, Lidija

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
4th Congress of Nephrology of Bosnia and Herzegovina with international participation : book of abstracts / Mesić, Enisa - Sarajevo, 2015, 74-74

Skup
Congress of Nephrology of Bosnia and Herzegovina with international participation (4 ; 2015)

Mjesto i datum
Sarajevo, Bosna i Hercegovina, 22.-25.04.2015

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Liver tests; chronic kidney disease; coronary heart disease; nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; transient elastography.

Sažetak
In recent years, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was recognized as an important factor in chronic kidney disease (CKD) pathogenesis. The concentrations of serum aminotransferases in both chronic dialysis and chronic renal failure (CRF) patients most commonly fall within the lower end of the range of normal values. The aim of the present study was to investigate the usefulness of four liver tests and four biological scores in detection of NAFLD in comparison with transient elastography (TE) findings in different groups of patients. The study was cross-sectional analysis collected data from a single tertiary care center. Of 202 patents there were 52 patients with CKD, 50 patients with End-Stage renal disease (ESRD) treated with haemodialysis (HD), 50 renal transplant recipients (RTRs) and 50 patients with proven coronary heart disease (CHD). Fifty sex- and age-matched individuals without NAFLD and with normal liver and kidney function tests served as controls. With the help of TE (Fibroscan®, Echosense SA, Paris, France), liver stiffness was selected as the parameter to quantify liver fibrosis and Controlled Attenuation Parameter (CAP) was used to detect and quantify liver steatosis. According to the CAP findings 76.9%CKD patients, 82%HD patients, 74%RTRs and 69.1% CHD patients had CAP>238dB.m-1 and thus by definition NAFLD. We have found that ALT, AST and GGT levels were positively correlated with CAP values while ALT and AST showed positive correlation with liver stiffness acquired with TE only in CHD patients. According to TE findings APRI (AUC 0.796) and FIB-4 (AUC 0.790) scores were correlated with the presence of fibrosis, while HIS score was correlated with the presence of steatosis (AUC 0.867) only in CHD patients. TE with CAP provides the opportunity of non-invasive screening for NAFLD as well as liver fibrosis in patients with CRF.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Klinički bolnički centar Osijek,
Klinički bolnički centar Rijeka