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Influence of chemical synthesis on the crystalization and properties of zinc oxides


Musić, Svetozar; Dragčević, Đurđica; Maljković, Miroslava; Popović, Stanko
Influence of chemical synthesis on the crystalization and properties of zinc oxides // Materials Chemistry and Physics, 77 (2002), 2; 521-530 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Influence of chemical synthesis on the crystalization and properties of zinc oxides

Autori
Musić, Svetozar ; Dragčević, Đurđica ; Maljković, Miroslava ; Popović, Stanko

Izvornik
Materials Chemistry and Physics (0254-0584) 77 (2002), 2; 521-530

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
ZnO; Urea; Hydrothermal crystallization; XRD; FT-IR; TEM; Microelectrophoresis; BET

Sažetak
ZnO powders were synthesized using (a) the decomposing urea process and (b) crystallization from the suspensions obtained by abrupt mixing of Zn(NO3)2 and NH4OH solutions. The samples were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, FT-IR spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, microelectrophoresis and B.E.T. Basic zinc carbonate was always produced in decomposing urea solution at 95 oC in excess of urea and for times between 1 and 8 h. ZnO was produced by heating of basic zinc carbonate at 300 to 600 oC. The FT-IR spectrum of ZnO produced at 600 oC showed the superposition of three IR bands located at 565, 489 and 403 cm-1. The ZnO powder prepared at 300 oC showed the greatest specific surface area of 17.88 m2g-1. The precipitates obtained by abrupt adding of concentrated NH4OH solution into Zn(NO3)2 solution corresponded to a complex compound with the general formula Zn5(OH)8(NO3)2(H2O)2-x(NH3)x. Autoclaving of the aqueous suspension of this compound yielded ZnO. For these ZnO powders the relative intensity of the band at 498 cm-1 was substantially increased. On the other hand, the specific surface area of ZnO produced by autoclaving was found significantly decreased in relation to the urea process. Microelectrophoretic measurements with ZnO particles showed pHiep varying between 9.3 and 9.8. The zeta potentials measured for ZnO particles produced by the urea process were much higher than those measured for ZnO particles produced by autoclaving. Transmission electron microscopy showed two different morphologies and different sizes of ZnO particles in dependence on the method of chemical synthesis. The difference in the FT-IR spectra of these two kinds of ZnO particles was ascribed to their microstructural properties. Microelectrophoretic and B.E.T. measurements were also related with the microstructure of ZnO particles.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika, Kemija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0098062
00980903
119202

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus