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Steps towards a high precision solar rotation profile : Results from SDO/AIA coronal bright point data


Sudar, Davor; Skokić, Ivica; Brajša, Roman; Saar Steven H.
Steps towards a high precision solar rotation profile : Results from SDO/AIA coronal bright point data // Astronomy & Astrophysics, 575 (2015), A63-1 doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201424929 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Steps towards a high precision solar rotation profile : Results from SDO/AIA coronal bright point data

Autori
Sudar, Davor ; Skokić, Ivica ; Brajša, Roman ; Saar Steven H.

Izvornik
Astronomy & Astrophysics (0004-6361) 575 (2015); A63-1

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Sun: rotation – Sun: corona – Sun: activity

Sažetak
Coronal bright points (CBP) are ubiquitous small brightenings in the solar corona associated with small magnetic bipoles. We derive the solar differential rotation profile by tracing the motions of CBPs detected by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) instrument aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). We also investigate problems related to the detection of CBPs resulting from instrument and detection algorithm limitations. To determine the positions and identification of CBPs we used a segmentation algorithm. A linear fit of their central meridian distance and latitude vs time was used to derive velocities. We obtained 906 velocity measurements in a time interval of only 2 days. The differential rotation profile can be expressed as ωrot = (14. ◦ 47 ± 0. ◦ 10 + (0. ◦ 6 ± 1. ◦ 0) sin2(b) + (−4. ◦ 7 ± 1. ◦ 7) sin4(b)) d−1. Our result is in agreement with other work and it comes with reasonable errors in spite of the very short time interval used. This was made possible by the higher sensitivity and resolution of the AIA instrument compared to similar equipment as well as high cadence. The segmentation algorithm also played a crucial role by detecting so many CBPs, which reduced the errors to a reasonable level. Data and methods presented in this paper show a great potential for obtaining very accurate velocity profiles, both for rotation and meridional motion and, consequently, Reynolds stresses. The amount of CBP data that could be obtained from this instrument should also provide a great opportunity to study changes of velocity patterns with a temporal resolution of only a few months. Other possibilities are studies of evolution of CBPs and proper motions of magnetic elements on the Sun.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2013-11-6212 - Promjenjivost Sunca i zvijezda (Bojan Vršnak, )

Ustanove
Geodetski fakultet, Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Roman Brajša (autor)

Avatar Url Davor Sudar (autor)

Avatar Url Ivica Skokić (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Sudar, Davor; Skokić, Ivica; Brajša, Roman; Saar Steven H.
Steps towards a high precision solar rotation profile : Results from SDO/AIA coronal bright point data // Astronomy & Astrophysics, 575 (2015), A63-1 doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201424929 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Sudar, D., Skokić, I., Brajša, R. & Saar Steven H. (2015) Steps towards a high precision solar rotation profile : Results from SDO/AIA coronal bright point data. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 575, A63-1 doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201424929.
@article{article, year = {2015}, pages = {A63-1-A63-6}, DOI = {10.1051/0004-6361/201424929}, keywords = {Sun: rotation – Sun: corona – Sun: activity}, journal = {Astronomy and Astrophysics}, doi = {10.1051/0004-6361/201424929}, volume = {575}, issn = {0004-6361}, title = {Steps towards a high precision solar rotation profile : Results from SDO/AIA coronal bright point data}, keyword = {Sun: rotation – Sun: corona – Sun: activity} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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