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Irrigation water salinity limits faba bean (Vicia faba L.) photosynthesis


Matijevic, Lana; Romic, Davor; Horvat, Tea
Irrigation water salinity limits faba bean (Vicia faba L.) photosynthesis // 5th CASEE Conference"Healthy Food Production and Environmental Preservation - The role of Agriculture, Forestry and Applied Biology" / Popović, Milan (ur.).
Novi Sad, Srbija: University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture, 2014. str. 20-20 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Irrigation water salinity limits faba bean (Vicia faba L.) photosynthesis

Autori
Matijevic, Lana ; Romic, Davor ; Horvat, Tea

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
5th CASEE Conference"Healthy Food Production and Environmental Preservation - The role of Agriculture, Forestry and Applied Biology" / Popović, Milan - Novi Sad, Srbija : University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture, 2014, 20-20

ISBN
978-86-7520-297-4

Skup
5th CASEE Conference"Healthy Food Production and Environmental Preservation - The role of Agriculture, Forestry and Applied Biology"

Mjesto i datum
Novi Sad, Srbija, 25. - 27.05.2014

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
NaCl; stress; transpiration; photosynthetic rate; chlorophyll

Sažetak
Determination of plant salt stress responses is essential for stabilization of crop performance under saline conditions. It is known that high soil salinity may adversely affect photosynthesis, which is a prerequisite for biomass production. For this reason, there is a considerable interest in measuring the photosynthetic rate of horticultural crops under saline conditions. A greenhouse pot experiment was set up to study the effects of saline irrigation water on faba bean (Vicia faba L.) photosynthetic rate and chlorophyll content index. Faba bean seedlings were transplanted into pots and treated with saline irrigation water. NaCl salinity was applied in a nutrient solution as follows: NaCl0 – control (basic nutrient solution without added NaCl), NaCl50 (control + 50 mM NaCl) and NaCl100 (control + 100 mM NaCl). Five weeks after salinity treatment started faba bean leaf intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci), stomatal conductance (gs), transpiration rate (E), photosynthetic rate (A) and chlorophyll content index (CCI) were measured. Stomatal conductance, transpiration rate and photosynthetic rate of faba bean plants irrigated with saline water significantly decreased (P<0.01) in regard to control plants, but without significant difference amongst treatments. Intercellular CO2 concentration was not significantly affected by application of saline irrigation water. Salinity treatments significantly altered (P=0.01) chlorophyll content index, although the influence was not linear to the salinity treatments. Raised soil salinity imposed water limitation for faba bean plants, which was suggested by lower stomatal conductance. Plant adaptive responses to salt stress include retention of water by stomatal closure, decreasing both transpiration and photosynthetic rate. Therefore application of saline irrigation water results in decreased rate of transpiration and limits faba bean photosynthesis as well. Screening for the crops that could maintain photosynthetic activity in a saline environment could provide a basis for identification of salt tolerance in horticultural crops.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Poljoprivreda (agronomija)



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
178-1782221-0350 - Zaslanjivanje tla - dijagnostika, procesi i utjecaj na biljku (Davor Romić, )

Ustanove
Agronomski fakultet, Zagreb