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Utilization of biogas produced by anaerobic digestion of agro-industrial waste: energy, economic and environmental effects


Hublin, Andrea; Schneider, Daniel Rolph; Džodan, Janko
Utilization of biogas produced by anaerobic digestion of agro-industrial waste: energy, economic and environmental effects // Digital Proceedings of 8th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems – SDEWES Conference / Ban, Marko ; Duić, Neven ; Guzović, Zvonimir ; Markovska, Nataša ; Schneider, Daniel Rolph ; Klemeš, J.J. ; Varbanov, P. ; Ababneh, A. ; Alberg Østergaard, P. ; Connolly, D. ; Kafarov, V. ; Krajačić, Goran ; Lund, H. ; Mathiesen, B.V. ; Möller, B. ; Perković, Luka ; Vujanović, Milan (ur.).
Zagreb: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, 2013. str. 0298-1 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


Naslov
Utilization of biogas produced by anaerobic digestion of agro-industrial waste: energy, economic and environmental effects

Autori
Hublin, Andrea ; Schneider, Daniel Rolph ; Džodan, Janko

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
Digital Proceedings of 8th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems – SDEWES Conference / Ban, Marko ; Duić, Neven ; Guzović, Zvonimir ; Markovska, Nataša ; Schneider, Daniel Rolph ; Klemeš, J.J. ; Varbanov, P. ; Ababneh, A. ; Alberg Østergaard, P. ; Connolly, D. ; Kafarov, V. ; Krajačić, Goran ; Lund, H. ; Mathiesen, B.V. ; Möller, B. ; Perković, Luka ; Vujanović, Milan - Zagreb : Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, 2013, 0298-1

Skup
8th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems

Mjesto i datum
Dubrovnik, Hrvatska, 22-27.09.2013

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Anaerobic digestion; agro-industrial waste; biogas; energy; environmental; economic

Sažetak
Anaerobic digestion of agro-industrial waste is of increasing interest in order to facilitate a sustainable development of energy supply. Using of material and energy potentials of agroindustrial waste, in the framework of technical, ecological and economic possibilities, contributes in increasing share of energy generated from renewable energy sources. Enabling environment, which stimulates utilization of biogas as renewable energy source, represent significant contribution to achievement of objectives concerning the greenhouse gases (GHG) emission reduction. The paper deals with the benefits coming from the utilization of biogas produced by co- digestion of whey and cow manure. The experimental work of whey and cow manure co- digestion, performed in a series of laboratory batch experiments, has pointed out that one- stage batch process can be conducted efficiently under optimal conditions of substrate concentration, temperature and pH. The advantages of this process are the profitability of the plant and the convenience in realising an anaerobic digestion plant to produce biogas that is enabled by the benefits from the sale of electric energy at favourable prices. Economic aspects are related to the capital cost (2, 250, 000 €) of anaerobic digestion treatment in the biogas plant with a 300 kW power and 510 kW heat unit in a medium size farm (450 livestock units). Considering the optimal biogas yield of 20.7 dm3 kg-1 wet substrate and methane content in a biogas mixture that is 79%, the anaerobic process results with a daily methane production of 2, 500 kg, with the maximum power production that is 2, 160, 000 kWh y-1 and heat production that is 2, 400, 000 kWh y-1. The net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR) and payback period for implementation of profitable anaerobic digestion process is evaluated. Ecological aspects related to carbon dioxide and methane emission reduction are assessed using methodology proposed by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Strojarstvo



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
120-1201918-1911 - Optimiranje uvođenja novih tehnologija u regionalni energetski sustav (Željko Bogdan, )

Ustanove
Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, Zagreb