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Europium underneath graphene on Ir(111): Intercalation mechanism, magnetism, and band structure


Schumacher, Stefan; Huttmann, Felix; Petrović, Marin; Witt, Christian; Forster, Daniel F.; Vo-Van, Chi; Coraux, Johann; Martınez-Galera, Antonio J.; Sessi, Violetta; Vergara, Ignacio et al.
Europium underneath graphene on Ir(111): Intercalation mechanism, magnetism, and band structure // Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 90 (2014), 235437-1 doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.90.235437 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Europium underneath graphene on Ir(111): Intercalation mechanism, magnetism, and band structure

Autori
Schumacher, Stefan ; Huttmann, Felix ; Petrović, Marin ; Witt, Christian ; Forster, Daniel F. ; Vo-Van, Chi ; Coraux, Johann ; Martınez-Galera, Antonio J. ; Sessi, Violetta ; Vergara, Ignacio ; Ruckamp, Reinhard ; Gruninger, Markus ; Schleheck, Nicolas ; Meyer zu Heringdorf, Frank ; Ohresser, Philippe ; Kralj, Marko ; Wehling, Tim O. ; Michely, Thomas

Izvornik
Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (1098-0121) 90 (2014); 235437-1

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Graphene; europium; magnetism; intercalation; angle resolved photoemission; scanning tunnelling microscopy

Sažetak
The intercalation of Eu underneath Gr on Ir(111) is comprehensively investigated by microscopic, magnetic, and spectroscopic measurements, as well as by density functional theory. Depending on the coverage, the intercalated Eu atoms form either a (2 × 2) or a (√3 × √3)R30◦ superstructure with respect to Gr. We investigate the mechanisms of Eu penetration through a nominally closed Gr sheet and measure the electronic structures and magnetic properties of the two intercalation systems. Their electronic structures are rather similar. Compared to Gr on Ir(111), the Gr bands in both systems are essentially rigidly shifted to larger binding energies resulting in n-doping. The hybridization of the Ir surface state S1 with Gr states is lifted, and the moire superperiodic potential is strongly reduced. In contrast, the magnetic behavior of the two intercalation systems differs substantially, as found by x-ray magnetic circular dichroism. The (2 × 2) Eu structure displays plain paramagnetic behavior, whereas for the (√3 × √3)R30◦ structure the large zero- field susceptibility indicates ferromagnetic coupling, despite the absence of hysteresis at 10 K. For the latter structure, a considerable easy-plane magnetic anisotropy is observed and interpreted as shape anisotropy.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut za fiziku, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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