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Bacterial diversity in the South Adriatic Sea during a strong deep winter convection year


Korlević, Marino; Pop RIstova, Petra; Garić, Rade; Amann, Rudolf; Orlić, Sandi
Bacterial diversity in the South Adriatic Sea during a strong deep winter convection year // Applied and environmental microbiology, 81 (2015), 5; 1715-1726 doi:10.1128/AEM.03410-14 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Bacterial diversity in the South Adriatic Sea during a strong deep winter convection year

Autori
Korlević, Marino ; Pop RIstova, Petra ; Garić, Rade ; Amann, Rudolf ; Orlić, Sandi

Izvornik
Applied and environmental microbiology (0099-2240) 81 (2015), 5; 1715-1726

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Bacterial community composition; Tag pyrosequencing; CARD - FISH; phytoplankton bloom; winter convection

Sažetak
The South Adriatic Sea is the deepest part of the Adriatic Sea representing a key area for both the Adriatic Sea and the deep Eastern Mediterranean. It has a role in dense water formation for the Eastern Mediterranean deep circulation cell and it represents an entry point for water masses originating from the Ionian Sea. The biodiversity and seasonality of bacterial picoplankton before, during and after deep winter convection in the oligotrophic South Adriatic waters were assessed combining comparative 16S rRNA sequence analysis and catalyzed reporter deposition-fluorescence in situ hybridization (CARD- FISH). The picoplankton communities reached their maximum abundance in the spring euphotic zone when the maximum value of chlorophyll a was recorded in response to deep winter convection. The communities were dominated by Bacteria while Archaea were a minor constituent. A seasonality of bacterial richness and diversity was observed, with minimum values in the winter convection and spring post-convection period, and maximum values during summer stratified conditions. SAR11 was the main constituent of the bacterial communities and reached the maximum abundance in the euphotic zone in spring after the convection episode. Cyanobacteria were the second most abundant group strongly depending on the convection event when minimal cyanobacterial abundance was observed. Euphotic zone in spring and autumn was characterized by Bacteroidetes and Gammaproteobacteria. The Bacteroidetes clades NS2b, NS4 and NS5 and the gammaproteobacterial SAR86 clade were detected to co-occur with phytoplankton blooms. SAR324, SAR202 and SAR406 were present in the deep layer exhibiting different seasonal variations in abundance. Overall, our data demonstrate that the abundances of particular bacterial clades and the overall bacterial richness and diversity are greatly impacted by strong winter convection.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija

Napomena
J.E. Kostka (ur.).



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
BABAS project - HrZZ
HRZZ-UIP-02.05/38 - Bioraznolikost i biotehnološka karakterizacija bakterija Jadranskog mora

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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