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Dubrovnik’s Burgus of St Blasius in the 13th Century


Benyovsky Latin, Irena
Dubrovnik’s Burgus of St Blasius in the 13th Century // Towns and Cities of the Croatian Middle Ages: Authority and Property / Benyovsky Latin, Irena ; Pešorda Vardić, Zrinka (ur.).
Zagreb: Hrvatski institut za povijest, 2014. str. 295-327


Naslov
Dubrovnik’s Burgus of St Blasius in the 13th Century

Autori
Benyovsky Latin, Irena

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Poglavlja u knjigama, znanstveni

Knjiga
Towns and Cities of the Croatian Middle Ages: Authority and Property

Urednik/ci
Benyovsky Latin, Irena ; Pešorda Vardić, Zrinka

Izdavač
Hrvatski institut za povijest

Grad
Zagreb

Godina
2014

Raspon stranica
295-327

ISBN
978-953-7840-30-3

Ključne riječi
Dubrovnik, Middle Ages, Burgus, urban development

Sažetak
The population growth in 13th century Dubrovnik resulted in an increased demand for housing space and the expansion of the old town boundaries as documented by the contemporary sources and the later Ragusan chronicles. Thus by the middle of the 13th century, the suburb came to be an attractive residential location for some of the wealthiest families. It provided the necessary space and economic opportunities (due to the proximity to the political, economic and administrative centre). Church institutions and some noble families in the suburb were among the earliest settlers, as opposed to the newcomers. The wealth of some families resulted in their possession of a large number of properties in the burgus and, more generally, accumulation of capital essential for the urban society. As the town expanded northwards and new town walls were built, the estates of the urban elite tended to change in character. The division of large blocks of land into building plots changed their commercial, functional and residential character. The burgus space was revaluated and transformed from an older, non-urban model into an urban one. During the second half of the 13th century, as confirmed by the statute regulations of 1272 and 1296, more and more public streets were introduced into the space of the burgus. This space was organized in an orthogonal network with designated areas for residential construction. The planning of new streets in the space of burgus increased the value of their properties and stimulated a more rational use of the urban space, especiallythe areas alongside communication routes that could be rented for trade purposes. The regulations show the effectiveness of the Ragusan government and the successful functioning of institutions. Practices related to ownership over immovable property were very complex in medieval urban settings: the urban land was fundamental for any institution, social group, or private person, regardless of their category or status. However, control and ownership over urban land had various forms in the Middle Ages: individual, communal, institutional, lineage-related, feudal – and all these levels could overlap in a single land plot and at the same time.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Povijest



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
019-0190610-0590 - Grad hrvatskog srednjovjekovlja: društvene strukture, topografija, urbani život (Irena Benyovsky Latin, )

Ustanove
Hrvatski institut za povijest, Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Irena Benyovsky Latin, (219806)