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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 74169

Cancer incidences in the digestive tube: is cobalamin a small intestine cytoprotector?


Kurbel, Sven; Kovačić, Damir; Radić, Radivoje; Drenjančević-Perić, Ines; Glavina, Krešimir; Ivandić, Ante
Cancer incidences in the digestive tube: is cobalamin a small intestine cytoprotector? // Medical Hypotheses, 54 (2000), 3; 412-416 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


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Naslov
Cancer incidences in the digestive tube: is cobalamin a small intestine cytoprotector?

Autori
Kurbel, Sven ; Kovačić, Damir ; Radić, Radivoje ; Drenjančević-Perić, Ines ; Glavina, Krešimir ; Ivandić, Ante

Izvornik
Medical Hypotheses (0306-9877) 54 (2000), 3; 412-416

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Anticarcinogenic Agents; Digestive System Neoplasms; Human; Incidence; Intestine; Small; Vitamin B 12.
(Anticarcinogenic Agents; Digestive System Neoplasms; Human; Incidence; Small; Vitamin B 12.)

Sažetak
Malignancies are common in the digestive tube, although with unequal distribution among segments. The aim of this paper was to compare available interpretations of the low cancer incidence in the small bowel and high in the large bowel. Supposed mechanismus include relatively small bacterial population, large secretion of liquid and rapid transit in the small bowel. Small bowel mucosa is the main absorptive part of the digestive tube with absorption rates for various nutrients so high that they can even be considered as clearances from the intestinal content. Consequently, these nutrients are not present in the large bowel. An alternative explantation is that an absorbable protective substance from the intraluminal content, might protect the mucosa from malignant transformations. It can be speculated that if there any cytoprotective substances in the digestedfood their effect would be expressed mostly in the absorptive small intestine, leaving the large bowel mucosa unprotected. Vitamin B 12 might be a possible candidate for this role. Cobalamin molecules are initially bound to haptocorrin (Hc) in the stomach, but in the small intestine B 12 is transferred to intrinsic factor (IF) after the action of pancreatic trypsin on Hc. Cobalamin-IF complexes are absorbed in the terminal ileum leaving only a small fraction of B 12 to enter the large bowel. We have tried to summarize available data regarding cancer incidences in digestive tube, segmental length transit times of tube content. Cancer density is calculated as incidence per length and transit speed as length per transit time. Cancer incidences for seven intestinal segments were considered low if they were below one case per 100 000 inhabitans annually, while the low cancer density meant less than six cases per 100 000 inhabitans per metre. For instance, transverse colon was considered as a high cancer incidence place (2.15 cases), with low cancer incidences (accuracy 0.85) and low cancer density segments (accuracy 1.00). Cobalamin availability showed similar distribution, available in low incidence segments and anavailable in high incidence segments. Experimental studies are needed to quantify B 12 availability in the large bowel and to determine whether small amounts of B 12-IF or, perhaps, B 12-haptocorrin complexes are absorbed by the small bowel mucosa. Without that, no cytoprotective effects of B 12 in the digestive tube can be expected. Copyright 2000 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA



Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

Kurbel, Sven; Kovačić, Damir; Radić, Radivoje; Drenjančević-Perić, Ines; Glavina, Krešimir; Ivandić, Ante
Cancer incidences in the digestive tube: is cobalamin a small intestine cytoprotector? // Medical Hypotheses, 54 (2000), 3; 412-416 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Kurbel, S., Kovačić, D., Radić, R., Drenjančević-Perić, I., Glavina, K. & Ivandić, A. (2000) Cancer incidences in the digestive tube: is cobalamin a small intestine cytoprotector?. Medical Hypotheses, 54 (3), 412-416.
@article{article, year = {2000}, pages = {412-416}, keywords = {Anticarcinogenic Agents, Digestive System Neoplasms, Human, Incidence, Intestine, Small, Vitamin B 12.}, journal = {Medical Hypotheses}, volume = {54}, number = {3}, issn = {0306-9877}, title = {Cancer incidences in the digestive tube: is cobalamin a small intestine cytoprotector?}, keyword = {Anticarcinogenic Agents, Digestive System Neoplasms, Human, Incidence, Intestine, Small, Vitamin B 12.} }
@article{article, year = {2000}, pages = {412-416}, keywords = {Anticarcinogenic Agents, Digestive System Neoplasms, Human, Incidence, Small, Vitamin B 12.}, journal = {Medical Hypotheses}, volume = {54}, number = {3}, issn = {0306-9877}, title = {Cancer incidences in the digestive tube: is cobalamin a small intestine cytoprotector?}, keyword = {Anticarcinogenic Agents, Digestive System Neoplasms, Human, Incidence, Small, Vitamin B 12.} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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