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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 740119

A new technique for determination of biogenic fraction in liquid fuel by the 14C method


Krajcar Bronić, Ines; Barešić, Jadranka; Horvatinčić, Nada
A new technique for determination of biogenic fraction in liquid fuel by the 14C method // Book of Abstracts: Natural resources, green technology and sustainable development
Zagreb: University of Zagreb, 2014. str. 104-104 (predavanje, nije recenziran, sažetak, znanstveni)


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Naslov
A new technique for determination of biogenic fraction in liquid fuel by the 14C method

Autori
Krajcar Bronić, Ines ; Barešić, Jadranka ; Horvatinčić, Nada

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Book of Abstracts: Natural resources, green technology and sustainable development / - Zagreb : University of Zagreb, 2014, 104-104

ISBN
978-953-6893-03-4

Skup
GREEN2014: Natural resources, green technology and sustainable development

Mjesto i datum
Zagreb, Hrvatska, 26-28.11.2014

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Nije recenziran

Ključne riječi
14C; liquid fuel; LSC; method; biogenic fraction

Sažetak
An increased level of CO2 concentration in the atmosphere is a direct consequence of intense fossil-fuel combustion over a last century. Search for alternative energy sources and reduction of emission of CO2 from fossil fuels by production of energy from biogenic material are topics of intense current studies. European Union stimulates the production and use of biofuels by lower excise and income tax relief. In this context there is a need for control of producers and dealers of various types of fuels and independent determination of the biogenic fraction in fuel. Here, the term “biogenic” refers to a compound produced in natural processes by living organisms but not fossilized or derived from fossil resources. The fraction of the biogenic component can be determined by measuring the 14C content (EN 15440:2011) since bio-fuels reflect the 14C activity of atmospheric CO2 during the plants’ growth period, while fossil fuels do not contain 14C. Therefore, a simple linear mixing curve with well-defined end members is obtained. Any measuring technique for 14C content, widely used in the radiocarbon dating laboratories, may be used for determining the bio-based content. All these techniques are accurate and precise, but are also time-consuming and expensive, so there is a need for simple, fast, reliable, sensitive, accurate, and not expensive technique. When liquid fuel is concerned, a direct measurement of fuel mixed with an appropriate scintillator by LSC is possible. However, various types of fuel matrices and various blends show different quenching properties (due to different colours) resulting in rather complicated data evaluation procedure which depends on the type of the matrix/blend mixture. To avoid this problem we have developed a novel technique for direct measurement of any liquid fuel by liquid scintillation counting. The idea is to use various purely biogenic compounds of different colours and quenching properties to construct the “modern calibration curve”, as well as various purely fossil liquids to construct the “background calibration curve”. The fraction of the biogenic component in an unknown sample is then determined as the ratio of net count rates of the sample and the biogenic sample having the same quenching properties. The proposed technique has been validated by preparing various mixtures of modern and fossil samples, and the satisfactory agreement between the expected and measured biogenic fractions has been achieved.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika, Geologija, Kemija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
098-0982709-2741 - Prirodni radioizotopi u istraživanju krških ekosustava i datiranju (Horvatinčić, Nada, MZOS ) ( POIROT)

Ustanove:
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb


Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

Krajcar Bronić, Ines; Barešić, Jadranka; Horvatinčić, Nada
A new technique for determination of biogenic fraction in liquid fuel by the 14C method // Book of Abstracts: Natural resources, green technology and sustainable development
Zagreb: University of Zagreb, 2014. str. 104-104 (predavanje, nije recenziran, sažetak, znanstveni)
Krajcar Bronić, I., Barešić, J. & Horvatinčić, N. (2014) A new technique for determination of biogenic fraction in liquid fuel by the 14C method. U: Book of Abstracts: Natural resources, green technology and sustainable development.
@article{article, author = {Krajcar Broni\'{c}, Ines and Bare\v{s}i\'{c}, Jadranka and Horvatin\v{c}i\'{c}, Nada}, year = {2014}, pages = {104-104}, keywords = {14C, liquid fuel, LSC, method, biogenic fraction}, isbn = {978-953-6893-03-4}, title = {A new technique for determination of biogenic fraction in liquid fuel by the 14C method}, keyword = {14C, liquid fuel, LSC, method, biogenic fraction}, publisher = {University of Zagreb}, publisherplace = {Zagreb, Hrvatska} }
@article{article, author = {Krajcar Broni\'{c}, Ines and Bare\v{s}i\'{c}, Jadranka and Horvatin\v{c}i\'{c}, Nada}, year = {2014}, pages = {104-104}, keywords = {14C, liquid fuel, LSC, method, biogenic fraction}, isbn = {978-953-6893-03-4}, title = {A new technique for determination of biogenic fraction in liquid fuel by the 14C method}, keyword = {14C, liquid fuel, LSC, method, biogenic fraction}, publisher = {University of Zagreb}, publisherplace = {Zagreb, Hrvatska} }




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