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A single dose of PPARγ agonist pioglitazone reduces cortical oxidative damage and microglial reaction following lateral fluid percussion brain injury in rats


Pilipović, Kristina; Župan, Željko; Dolenec, Petra; Mršić-Pelčić, Jasenka; Župan, Gordana
A single dose of PPARγ agonist pioglitazone reduces cortical oxidative damage and microglial reaction following lateral fluid percussion brain injury in rats // Progress in neuro-psychopharmacology & biological psychiatry, 59 (2015), 8-20 doi:10.1016/j.pnpbp.2015.01.003 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
A single dose of PPARγ agonist pioglitazone reduces cortical oxidative damage and microglial reaction following lateral fluid percussion brain injury in rats

Autori
Pilipović, Kristina ; Župan, Željko ; Dolenec, Petra ; Mršić-Pelčić, Jasenka ; Župan, Gordana

Izvornik
Progress in neuro-psychopharmacology & biological psychiatry (0278-5846) 59 (2015); 8-20

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Inflammation; oxidative stress; pioglitazone; rat; traumatic brain injury

Sažetak
Neuroprotective actions of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) agonists have been observed in various animal models of the brain injuries. In this study we examined the effects of a single dose of pioglitazone on oxidative and inflammatory parameters as well as on neurodegeneration and the edema formation in the rat parietal cortex following traumatic brain injury (TBI) induced by the lateral fluid percussion injury (LFPI) method. Pioglitazone was administered in a dose of 1 mg/kg at 10 min after the brain trauma. The animals of the control group were sham- operated and injected by vehicle. The rats were decapitated 24 h after LFPI and their parietal cortices were analyzed by biochemical and histological methods. Cortical edema was evaluated in rats sacrificed 48 h following TBI. Brain trauma caused statistically significant oxidative damage of lipids and proteins, an increase of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity, the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) overexpression, reactive astrocytosis, the microglia activation, neurodegeneration, and edema, but it did not influence the superoxide dismutase activity and the expressions of interleukin-1 beta, interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in the rat parietal cortex. Pioglitazone significantly decreased the cortical lipid and protein oxidative damage, increased the GSH-Px activity and reduced microglial reaction. Although a certain degree of the TBI-induced COX-2 overexpression, neurodegeneration and edema decrease was detected in pioglitazone treated rats, it was not significant. In the injured animals, cortical reactive astrocytosis was unchanged by the tested PPARγ agonist. These findings demonstrate that pioglitazone, administered only in a single dose, early following LFPI, reduced cortical oxidative damage, increased antioxidant defense and had limited anti- inflammatory effect, suggesting the need for further studies of this drug in the treatment of TBI.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
062-0620529-0519 - Epilepsija i traumatska ozljeda mozga: mehanizmi oštećenja i farmakoterapija (Gordana Župan, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Rijeka,
Klinički bolnički centar Rijeka

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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