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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 734592

A placebo-controlled trial of oral cladribine for relapsing multiple sclerosis


Giovannoni, G.; Comi, G.; Cook, S.; Rammohan, K.; Rieckmann, P.; Sørensen, P.S.; Vermersch, P.; Chang, P.; Hamlett, A.; Musch, B. et al.
A placebo-controlled trial of oral cladribine for relapsing multiple sclerosis // The New England Journal of Medicine, 362 (2010), 5; 416-426 doi:10.1056/NEJMoa0902533 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
A placebo-controlled trial of oral cladribine for relapsing multiple sclerosis

Autori
Giovannoni, G. ; Comi, G. ; Cook, S. ; Rammohan, K. ; Rieckmann, P. ; Sørensen, P.S. ; Vermersch, P. ; Chang, P. ; Hamlett, A. ; Musch, B. ; Greenberg, S.J. ; ... ; Lušić, Ivo ; ...

Izvornik
The New England Journal of Medicine (1533-4406) 362 (2010), 5; 416-426

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Cladribine; immunomodulation; multiple sclerosis; trial

Sažetak
Cladribine provides immunomodulation through selective targeting of lymphocyte subtypes. We report the results of a 96-week phase 3 trial of a short-course oral tablet therapy in patients with relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosis. We randomly assigned 1326 patients in an approximate 1:1:1 ratio to receive one of two cumulative doses of cladribine tablets (either 3.5 mg or 5.25 mg per kilogram of body weight) or matching placebo, given in two or four short courses for the first 48 weeks, then in two short courses starting at week 48 and week 52 (for a total of 8 to 20 days per year). The primary end point was the rate of relapse at 96 weeks. Among patients who received cladribine tablets (either 3.5 mg or 5.25 mg per kilogram), there was a significantly lower annualized rate of relapse than in the placebo group (0.14 and 0.15, respectively, vs. 0.33 ; P<0.001 for both comparisons), a higher relapse-free rate (79.7% and 78.9%, respectively, vs. 60.9% ; P<0.001 for both comparisons), a lower risk of 3-month sustained progression of disability (hazard ratio for the 3.5-mg group, 0.67 ; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.48 to 0.93 ; P=0.02 ; and hazard ratio for the 5.25-mg group, 0.69 ; 95% CI, 0.49 to 0.96 ; P=0.03), and significant reductions in the brain lesion count on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (P<0.001 for all comparisons). Adverse events that were more frequent in the cladribine groups included lymphocytopenia (21.6% in the 3.5-mg group and 31.5% in the 5.25-mg group, vs. 1.8%) and herpes zoster (8 patients and 12 patients, respectively, vs. no patients). Treatment with cladribine tablets significantly reduced relapse rates, the risk of disability progression, and MRI measures of disease activity at 96 weeks. The benefits need to be weighed against the risks. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00213135.).

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti

Napomena
For the CLARITY Study Group.



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
KBC Split,
Medicinski fakultet, Split

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Ivo Lušić, (121625)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Giovannoni, G.; Comi, G.; Cook, S.; Rammohan, K.; Rieckmann, P.; Sørensen, P.S.; Vermersch, P.; Chang, P.; Hamlett, A.; Musch, B. et al.
A placebo-controlled trial of oral cladribine for relapsing multiple sclerosis // The New England Journal of Medicine, 362 (2010), 5; 416-426 doi:10.1056/NEJMoa0902533 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Giovannoni, G., Comi, G., Cook, S., Rammohan, K., Rieckmann, P., Sørensen, P., Vermersch, P., Chang, P., Hamlett, A. & Musch, B. (2010) A placebo-controlled trial of oral cladribine for relapsing multiple sclerosis. The New England Journal of Medicine, 362 (5), 416-426 doi:10.1056/NEJMoa0902533.
@article{article, year = {2010}, pages = {416-426}, DOI = {10.1056/NEJMoa0902533}, keywords = {cladribine, immunomodulation, multiple sclerosis, trial}, journal = {The New England Journal of Medicine}, doi = {10.1056/NEJMoa0902533}, volume = {362}, number = {5}, issn = {1533-4406}, title = {A placebo-controlled trial of oral cladribine for relapsing multiple sclerosis}, keyword = {cladribine, immunomodulation, multiple sclerosis, trial} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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