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Impact of remote ischemic preconditioning preceding coronary artery bypass grafting on inducing neuroprotection (RIPCAGE) : study protocol for a randomized controlled trial


Gašparović, Hrvoje; Kopjar, Tomislav; Radoš, Milan; Antičević, Alan; Radoš, Marko; Malojčić, Branko; Ivančan, Višnja; Fabijanić, Tea; Čikeš, Maja; Miličić, Davor et al.
Impact of remote ischemic preconditioning preceding coronary artery bypass grafting on inducing neuroprotection (RIPCAGE) : study protocol for a randomized controlled trial // Trials, 15 (2014), 1; 414-1 doi:10.1186/1745-6215-15-414 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Impact of remote ischemic preconditioning preceding coronary artery bypass grafting on inducing neuroprotection (RIPCAGE) : study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Autori
Gašparović, Hrvoje ; Kopjar, Tomislav ; Radoš, Milan ; Antičević, Alan ; Radoš, Marko ; Malojčić, Branko ; Ivančan, Višnja ; Fabijanić, Tea ; Čikeš, Maja ; Miličić, Davor ; Gašparović, Vladimir ; Biočina, Bojan

Izvornik
Trials (1745-6215) 15 (2014), 1; 414-1

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Remote Ischemic Preconditioning; Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting; Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Resting State Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction

Sažetak
Neurological complications after cardiac surgery have a profound impact on postoperative survival and quality of life. The increasing importance of strategies designed to improve neurological outcomes mirrors the growing risk burden of the contemporary cardiac surgical population. Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) reduces adverse sequelae of ischemia in vulnerable organs by subjecting tissues with high ischemic tolerance to brief periods of hypoperfusion. This trial will evaluate the neuroprotective effect of RIPC in the cardiac surgical arena, by employing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neurocognitive testing. Patients scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass grafting with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass will be screened for the study. Eligible patients will be randomized to undergo either a validated RIPC protocol or a sham procedure. The RIPC will be induced by inflation of a blood pressure cuff to 200mmHg for 5minutes, followed by a 5-minute reperfusion period. Three sequences of interchanging cuff inflations and deflations will be employed. Neurocognitive testing and MRI imaging will be performed preoperatively and on postoperative day 7. Paired pre- and postoperative neurocognitive and neuroimaging data will then be compared. The primary composite outcome measure will consist of new ischemic lesions on brain MRI, postprocedural impairment in brain connectivity on resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI), and significant new declines in neurocognitive performance. The secondary endpoint measures will be the individual components of the primary endpoint measures, expressed as continuous variables, troponin T release on postoperative day 1 and the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events at 3months postoperatively. Major adverse cardiovascular events, including accumulating cardiovascular mortality, stroke, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and rehospitalization for ischemia, will form a composite endpoint measure. This trial will aim to assess whether RIPC in patients subjected to surgical myocardial revascularization employing cardiopulmonary bypass initiates a neuroprotective response. Should the results of this trial indicate that RIPC is effective in reducing the incidence of adverse neurological events in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting, it could impact on the current standard of care.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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