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Genome-wide association study for refractive astigmatism reveals genetic co-determination with spherical equivalent refractive error : the CREAM consortium.


Li, Q.; ...; Polašek, Ozren; ...; Benčić, Goran; ...; Guggenheim, Jeremy A.
Genome-wide association study for refractive astigmatism reveals genetic co-determination with spherical equivalent refractive error : the CREAM consortium. // Human genetics, 134 (2015), 2; 131-146 doi:10.1007/s00439-014-1500-y (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Genome-wide association study for refractive astigmatism reveals genetic co-determination with spherical equivalent refractive error : the CREAM consortium.

Autori
Li, Q. ; ... ; Polašek, Ozren ; ... ; Benčić, Goran ; ... ; Guggenheim, Jeremy A.

Izvornik
Human genetics (0340-6717) 134 (2015), 2; 131-146

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Astigmatism; gene; SNP

Sažetak
To identify genetic variants associated with refractive astigmatism in the general population, meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies were performed for: White Europeans aged at least 25 years (20 cohorts, N = 31, 968) ; Asian subjects aged at least 25 years (7 cohorts, N = 9, 295) ; White Europeans aged <25 years (4 cohorts, N = 5, 640) ; and all independent individuals from the above three samples combined with a sample of Chinese subjects aged <25 years (N = 45, 931). Participants were classified as cases with refractive astigmatism if the average cylinder power in their two eyes was at least 1.00 diopter and as controls otherwise. Genome-wide association analysis was carried out for each cohort separately using logistic regression. Meta-analysis was conducted using a fixed effects model. In the older European group the most strongly associated marker was downstream of the neurexin-1 (NRXN1) gene (rs1401327, P = 3.92E-8). No other region reached genome-wide significance, and association signals were lower for the younger European group and Asian group. In the meta-analysis of all cohorts, no marker reached genome-wide significance: The most strongly associated regions were, NRXN1 (rs1401327, P = 2.93E-07), TOX (rs7823467, P = 3.47E-07) and LINC00340 (rs12212674, P = 1.49E-06). For 34 markers identified in prior GWAS for spherical equivalent refractive error, the beta coefficients for genotype versus spherical equivalent, and genotype versus refractive astigmatism, were highly correlated (r = -0.59, P = 2.10E-04). This work revealed no consistent or strong genetic signals for refractive astigmatism ; however, the TOX gene region previously identified in GWAS for spherical equivalent refractive error was the second most strongly associated region. Analysis of additional markers provided evidence supporting widespread genetic co-susceptibility for spherical and astigmatic refractive errors.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
216-1080315-0302 - Odrednice zdravlja i bolesti u općoj i izoliranim ljudskim populacijama (Ozren Polašek, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Split

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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