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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 732688

Vitiligo and glaucoma-an association or a coincidence? A pilot study

Rogošić, Veljko; Bojić, Lovro; Puizina-Ivić, Neira; Vanjaka-Rogošić, Lucija; Titlić, Marina; Kovačević, Damir; Duplančić, Darko; Sapunar, Damir; Đogaš, Zoran
Vitiligo and glaucoma-an association or a coincidence? A pilot study // Acta dermatovenerologica Croatica, 18 (2010), 1; 21-26 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

Vitiligo and glaucoma-an association or a coincidence? A pilot study

Rogošić, Veljko ; Bojić, Lovro ; Puizina-Ivić, Neira ; Vanjaka-Rogošić, Lucija ; Titlić, Marina ; Kovačević, Damir ; Duplančić, Darko ; Sapunar, Damir ; Đogaš, Zoran

Acta dermatovenerologica Croatica (1330-027X) 18 (2010), 1; 21-26

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Vitiligo; glaucoma; ocular findings; risk factors

Our aim was to draw attention of clinicians, dermatovenereologists and ophthalmologists to the possible association of vitiligo and ocular findings characteristic of primary open angle glaucoma(POAG). According to our clinical experience, POAG is relatively often diagnosed or previously diagnosed in patients treated for vitiligo. We found no literature report directly connecting vitiligo andPOAG. The articles mentioning glaucoma, i.e. increased intraocular pressure (IOP), are mainly based on secondary type of glaucoma as a direct consequence of vitiligo treated by corticosteroids. On the other hand, there is a substantial number of articles elaborating the association of vitiligo with ocular findings in known clinical syndromes. During a 2-year period, from May 2007 to May 2009, 42 patients with vitiligo were examined at University Department of Dermatology and Venereology and referred for previously appointed ophthalmologic examination at University Department of Ophthalmology, Split University Hospital Center. All patients with vitiligo underwent complete ophthalmologic examination including visual field analysis, in order to treat and follow up or diagnose newly discovered POAG. Of 42 patients with vitiligo suspect of glaucoma, POAG was confirmed in 24 (57%) patients. Age median of all vitiligo patients was 56 (range 19-82) years. In patients with vitiligo and glaucoma, the duration of vitiligo was twofold that recorded in patients with vitiligo alone, the difference being statistically significant (z=3.3 ; P<0.001). The risk of developing glaucoma in vitiligo patients was 4.4-fold in >56 age group versus <56 age group and 3.5-fold in patients with >13 year versus patients with <13 year duration of vitiligo. Multivariate logistic regression for glaucoma development according to vitiligoduration (< or =13 years vs. > or =13 years) and patient age (< or =56 years vs. > or =56 years) pointed to the association of glaucoma development and age and yielded a 92% probability for the association of glaucoma development and vitiligo duration. Therefore, we believe that patients treated for vitiligo should regularly undergo complete ophthalmologic examination with special attention paid toPOAG irrespective of age, sex, severity, localization and duration of the disease. Although performed in a relatively small sample and over short period of time, the results of this pilot study demonstrated that this association was not accidental. Additional studies in a greater sample of vitiligo patients andPOAG are expected to provide definitive answers and conclusion on the association of these two diseases.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti

Časopis indeksira:

  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus