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A summertime near-ground velocity profile of the Bora wind


Lepri, Petra; Kozmar, Hrvoje; Večenaj, Željko; Grisogono, Branko
A summertime near-ground velocity profile of the Bora wind // Wind and structures, 19 (2014), 5; 505-522 doi:10.12989/was.2014.19.5.505 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
A summertime near-ground velocity profile of the Bora wind

Autori
Lepri, Petra ; Kozmar, Hrvoje ; Večenaj, Željko ; Grisogono, Branko

Izvornik
Wind and structures (1226-6116) 19 (2014), 5; 505-522

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Bora; Velocity profile; Aerodynamic surface roughness length; Friction velocity; Logarithmic-law; Power-law; Field measurements

Sažetak
While effects of the atmospheric boundary layer flow on engineering infrastructure are more or less known, some local transient winds create difficulties for structures, traffic and human activities. Hence, further research is required to fully elucidate flow characteristics of some of those very unique local winds. In this study, important characteristics of observed vertical velocity profiles along the main wind direction for the Bora wind blowing along the eastern Adriatic coast are presented. Commonly used empirical power-law and the logarithmic-law profiles are compared against unique 3-level high- frequency Bora measurements. The experimental data agree well with the power-law and logarithmic-law approximations. An interesting feature observed is a decrease in the power-law exponent and aerodynamic surface roughness length, and an increase in friction velocity with increasing Bora wind velocity. This indicates an urban-like velocity profile for smaller wind velocities and rural-like velocity profile for larger wind velocities, which is due to a stronger increase in absolute velocity at each of the heights observed as compared to the respective velocity gradient (difference in average velocity among two different heights). The trends observed are similar both during the day and night. The thermal stratification is near neutral due to a strong mechanical mixing. The differences in aerodynamic surface roughness length are negligible for different time averaging periods when using the median.For friction velocity the arithmetic mean proved to be independent of the time record length, while for the power-law exponent both the arithmetic mean and the median are not influenced by the time averaging period. Another issue is a large difference in aerodynamic surface roughness length when calculating using the arithmetic mean and the median. This indicates that the more robust median is a more suitable parameter to determine the aerodynamic surface roughness length than the arithmetic mean value. Variations in velocity profiles at the same site during different wind periods are interesting because, in the engineering community, it has been commonly accepted that the aerodynamic characteristics at a particular site remain the same during various wind regimes.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
05206-2
119-1193086-1311 - Bazične ORografske Atmosferske cirkulacije u Hrvatskoj (BORA) (Branko Grisogono, )
CATURBO (09/151)

Ustanove
Državni hidrometeorološki zavod,
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb,
Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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