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Mutational analysis of the myxovirescin biosynthetic gene cluster reveals novel insights into the functional elaboration of polyketide backbones.


Simunović, Vesna; Müller, R.
Mutational analysis of the myxovirescin biosynthetic gene cluster reveals novel insights into the functional elaboration of polyketide backbones. // ChemBioChem, 8 (2007), 11; 1273-1280 doi:10.1002/cbic.200700153 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Mutational analysis of the myxovirescin biosynthetic gene cluster reveals novel insights into the functional elaboration of polyketide backbones.

Autori
Simunović, Vesna ; Müller, R.

Izvornik
ChemBioChem (1439-4227) 8 (2007), 11; 1273-1280

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Myxococcus xanthus; polyketides; antibiotics; cytochromes; antibiotics; methylation

Sažetak
It has been proposed that two acyl carrier proteins (ACPs)—TaB and TaE—and two 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl synthases (HMGSs)—TaC and TaF—could constitute two functional ACP-HMGS pairs (TaB/TaC and TaE/TaF) responsible for the incorporation of acetate and propionate units into the myxovirescin A scaffold, leading to the formation of β-methyl and β-ethyl groups, respectively. It has been suggested that three more proteins—TaX and TaY, which are members of the superfamily of enoyl-CoA hydratases (ECHs), and a variant ketosynthase (KS) TaK—are shared between two ACP-HMGS pairs, to give the complete set of enzymes required to perform the β-alkylations. The β-methyl branch is presumably further hydroxylated (by TaH) and methylated to produce the methoxymethyl group observed in myxovirescin A. To substantiate this hypothesis, a series of gene-deletion mutants were created, and the effects of these mutations on myxovirescin production were examined. As predicted, ΔtaB and ΔtaE ACP mutants revealed similar phenotypes to their associated HMGS mutants ΔtaC and ΔtaF, respectively, thus providing direct evidence for the role of TaE/TaF in the formation of the β-ethyl branch and implying a role for TaB/TaC in the formation of the β-methyl group. Production of myxovirescin A was dramatically reduced in a ΔtaK mutant and abolished in both the ΔtaX and the ΔtaY mutant backgrounds. Analysis of a ΔtaH mutant confirmed the role of the cytochrome P450 TaH in hydroxylation of the β-methyl group. Taken together, these experiments support a model in which the discrete ACPs TaB and TaE are compatible only with their associated HMGSs TaC and TaF, respectively, and function in a substrate-specific manner. Both TaB and TaC are essential for myxovirescin production, and the TaB/TaC pair can rescue antibiotic production in the absence of either TaE or TaF. Finally, the reduced level of myxovirescin production in the ΔtaE mutant, relative to the ΔtaF strain, suggests an additional function of the TaE ACP.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija



POVEZANOST RADA


Autor s matičnim brojem:
Vesna Simunović, (333305)

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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