Napredna pretraga

Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 724420

A single amino acid substitution affects the substrate specificity of the seryl-tRNA synthetase homologue


Maršavelski, Aleksandra; Lesjak, Sonja; Močibob, Marko; Weygand-Đurašević, Ivana; Tomić, Sanja
A single amino acid substitution affects the substrate specificity of the seryl-tRNA synthetase homologue // Molecular biosystems, 10 (2014), 12; 3207-3216 doi:10.1039/C4MB00416G (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
A single amino acid substitution affects the substrate specificity of the seryl-tRNA synthetase homologue

Autori
Maršavelski, Aleksandra ; Lesjak, Sonja ; Močibob, Marko ; Weygand-Đurašević, Ivana ; Tomić, Sanja

Izvornik
Molecular biosystems (1742-206X) 10 (2014), 12; 3207-3216

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Amino acid:[carrier protein] ligase ; substrate specificity ; kinetics ; molecular modeling ; molecular dynamics

Sažetak
Recently described and characterized Bradyrhizobium japonicum glycine:[carrier protein] ligase 1 (Bj Gly:CP ligase 1), a homologue of methanogenic type seryl-tRNA synthetase (SerRS) is an intriguing enzyme whose physiological role is not yet known. While aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases supply ribosome with amino acids for protein biosynthesis, this homologue transfers the activated amino acid to a specific carrier protein. Despite remarkable structural similarity between the Bj Gly:CP ligase 1 and the catalytic core domain of methanogenic type SerRS, the ligase displays altered and relaxed substrate specificity. In contrast to methanogenic SerRS which exclusively activates serine, the Bj Gly:CP ligase 1 predominantly activates glycine. Besides, it shows low activity in the presence of alanine, but it is incapable of activating serine. The detailed computational study aiming to address this unexpected substrate specificity toward the small aliphatic amino acids revealed the A281G Bj Gly:CP ligase 1 mutant as the most promising candidate with reconstituted catalytic activity toward the larger substrates. The A281G mutation is predicted to increase the active site volume, allowing alanine and serine to establish important hydrogen bonds within the active site, and to adopt an optimal orientation for the reaction. The results were tested by the site-directed mutagenesis experiments coupled with in vitro kinetic assays. It was found that the A281G substitution greatly affects the enzyme specificity and allows efficient activation of both polar and small aliphatic amino acids (serine, glycine and alanine), confirming predictions and conclusions based on molecular dynamics simulations.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija, Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-1191344-2860 - Proučavanje biomakromolekula računalnim metodama i razvoj novih algoritama (Sanja Tomić, )
HRZZ-IS-09.01/293 - Nekanonske uloge aminoacil-tRNA-sintetaza

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


Citati