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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 717551

Problems with Caves During Tunneling in Dinaric Karst (Croatia)


Garašić, Mladen; Garašić, Davor
Problems with Caves During Tunneling in Dinaric Karst (Croatia) // Engineering Geoloy for Society and Territory. Volume 5 : Urban Geology, Sustainable Planning and Landscape Exploitation / Lollino, Giorgio ; Manconi, Andrea ; Gezzetti, Fausto ; Culshaw, Martin ; Bobrowsky, Peter ; Luino, Fabio (ur.).
Heidelberg ; London ; New York: Springer International Publishing, 2014. str. 497-502


Naslov
Problems with Caves During Tunneling in Dinaric Karst (Croatia)

Autori
Garašić, Mladen ; Garašić, Davor

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Poglavlja u knjigama, znanstveni

Knjiga
Engineering Geoloy for Society and Territory. Volume 5 : Urban Geology, Sustainable Planning and Landscape Exploitation

Urednik/ci
Lollino, Giorgio ; Manconi, Andrea ; Gezzetti, Fausto ; Culshaw, Martin ; Bobrowsky, Peter ; Luino, Fabio

Izdavač
Springer International Publishing

Grad
Heidelberg ; London ; New York

Godina
2014

Raspon stranica
497-502

ISBN
978-3-319-09047-4

Ključne riječi
Speleology, karst, engineering geology, tunnels, Croatia

Sažetak
Geological features (fissures, folding, faults, etc.) are presented here, together with the hydrogeological conditions (rapid changes in groundwater levels). Special engineering geological exploration and survey of each cave, together with the stabilization of the tunnel ceiling, and groundwater protection actions according to basic engineering geological parameters are also presented here. In karst tunneling in Croatia over 150 caves longer than 500 m have been investigated. Several caves are over 300 m deep, and 10 are longer than 1, 000 m. Different solutions of crossing the caves were chosen depending on the size and purpose of the tunnels (road, rail, and pedestrian tunnel or hydrotechnical tunnels). The article show interesting examples of stabilization ceilings in big cave chambers, construction of bridges inside tunnels, deviations of tunnels, filling caves, grouting, etc. A complex type of karstification has been found in the cavern at the contact between the Palaeozoic clastic impermeable formations and the Mesozoic complex of dolomitic limestones in the Vrata Tunnel and at the contact with flysch at the Učka Tunnel. It is however quite rare to find karstification which is advancing at a similar rate in all directions. The need to have the roadway and/or tunnel above a water spring is the biggest possible engineering- geological, hydrogeological and civil engineering challenge. Significant examples are those above the Jadro water spring (Mravinci tunnel), in flysch materials or above the Zvir water spring in Rijeka (Katarina Tunnel), and in fractured Mesozoic carbonates.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija, Građevinarstvo, Rudarstvo, nafta i geološko inženjerstvo



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Građevinski fakultet, Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Mladen Garašić, (7250)