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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 714427

Stressor characteristics and post-traumatic stress disorder symptom dimensions in war victims


Henigsberg, Neven; Folnegović-Šmalc, Vera; Moro, Ljiljana
Stressor characteristics and post-traumatic stress disorder symptom dimensions in war victims // Croatian medical journal, 42 (2001), 5; 543-550 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Stressor characteristics and post-traumatic stress disorder symptom dimensions in war victims

Autori
Henigsberg, Neven ; Folnegović-Šmalc, Vera ; Moro, Ljiljana

Izvornik
Croatian medical journal (0353-9504) 42 (2001), 5; 543-550

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Biological psychiatry; classification; combat disorders; diagnostic techniques and procedures; military psychiatry; prisoners; psychiatric diagnosis; psychiatric status rating scales; rape; PTSD; war

Sažetak
Aim was to evaluate how the type of trauma is related to specific symptom patterns in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria. A total of 136 PTSD patients exposed to war-related traumatic experiences were divided in four groups: 79 veterans, 18 former prisoners (who witnessed or were subject to torture or frequent assaults), 15 victims of rape, and 24 refugees from Bosnia and Herzegovina. Each group was homogenous in regard to traumatic experiences. Significant inter-group differences were found in symptoms listed in the DSM-IV criteria, and under criteria C (avoidance) and D (arousal). No such differences were observed in symptoms listed under criterion B (intrusive symptoms). The results indicate that stressor characteristics may play a role not only in the variety of symptoms exhibited, but particularly in the number of avoidance and arousal symptoms. Victims of rape tended to present with more avoidance symptoms and fewer hyperarousal symptoms, whereas former prisoners and veterans tended to report more hyperarousal symptoms. Rape victims and former prisoners also reported more symptoms than the other groups. There is a strong indication that stressor characteristics influence the variety and number of exhibited intrusive, avoidance, and arousal symptoms. More research is needed to precisely define individual symptom dimensions possibly relating to particular stressor characteristics. Additional studies are needed to determine whether PTSD, as it is currently defined in the DSM-IV, is really a homogenous diagnostic category.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
108998

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb,
Klinika za psihijatriju Vrapče

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE