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Integration of Desalination and Renewables, a Demonstration of the Desalination Module in the H2RES Model: Case Study for Jordan


Novosel, Tomislav; Gašparović, Goran; Ćosić, Boris; Mustafa, Manal; Krajačić, Goran; Pukšec, Tomislav; Duić, Neven
Integration of Desalination and Renewables, a Demonstration of the Desalination Module in the H2RES Model: Case Study for Jordan // Chemical engineering transactions, 39 (2014), 335-360 doi:10.3303/CET1439060 (podatak o recenziji nije dostupan, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Integration of Desalination and Renewables, a Demonstration of the Desalination Module in the H2RES Model: Case Study for Jordan

Autori
Novosel, Tomislav ; Gašparović, Goran ; Ćosić, Boris ; Mustafa, Manal ; Krajačić, Goran ; Pukšec, Tomislav ; Duić, Neven

Izvornik
Chemical engineering transactions (2283-9216) 39 (2014); 335-360

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Desalination; Jordan; H2RES; renewable energy

Sažetak
Water scarcity and the dependence on fossil fuels as a primary source of energy are crucial problems for a number of arid countries. The integration of energy and water systems presents a possible solution for both issues. The flexibility of a desalination system can increase the possibility for the penetration of intermittent renewable energy sources and thus provide both fresh water and the potential for the local production of clean energy. Jordan is the fourth most water deprived country in the world and is also highly dependent on energy import. Almost all of its primary energy comes from imported fossil fuels, mostly from natural gas. It is a country rich in wind and solar energy but unfortunately, almost no utilization of that potential. The integration of desalination systems and renewable energy sources is a possible solution both for Jordan’s water and energy supply. The goal of this paper is to demonstrate the desalination module in the H2RES model using Jordan as a case study. H2RES is a flexible energy modelling tool used for the balancing of energy supply and demand on an hourly basis. It is capable of demonstrating the benefits of water and energy integration for the purpose of increasing the penetration of intermittent renewables and the reduction of CO2 emissions. For this purpose, four scenarios have been created. The first one is a business as usual scenario with no desalination, a desalination scenario and two desalination scenarios that utilize the produced brine as energy storage in pump hydro plants. The results will show that the utilization of desalination, especially in the case where desalination is combined with pump storage, can help increase the penetration of renewable energy sources into the electrical grid and thus help decrease the dependence on energy import and reduce the CO2 emissions of the energy system.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Strojarstvo



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
120-1201918-1920 - Racionalno skladištenje energije za održivi razvoj energetike (Neven Duić, )

Ustanove
Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, Zagreb

Citati