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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 711830

Elevated levels of serotonin decrease bone volume by direct effects on bone turnover in rats


Erjavec, Igor; Bordukalo Nikšić, Tatjana; Brkljačić, Jelena; Pauk, Martina; Grgurević, Lovorka; Thompson, David D.; Paralkar, Vishwas M.; Čičin-Šain, Lipa; Vukičević, Slobodan; Mokrović, Gordana et al.
Elevated levels of serotonin decrease bone volume by direct effects on bone turnover in rats // Bone Abstracts / Langdahl, Bente (ur.).
Lisabon: bioscientifica, 2013. (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Elevated levels of serotonin decrease bone volume by direct effects on bone turnover in rats

Autori
Erjavec, Igor ; Bordukalo Nikšić, Tatjana ; Brkljačić, Jelena ; Pauk, Martina ; Grgurević, Lovorka ; Thompson, David D. ; Paralkar, Vishwas M. ; Čičin-Šain, Lipa ; Vukičević, Slobodan ; Mokrović, Gordana ; Kesić, Maja ; Grčević, Danka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Bone Abstracts / Langdahl, Bente - Lisabon : Bioscientifica, 2013

Skup
European Calcified Tissue Society Congress

Mjesto i datum
Lisabon, Portugal, 18.-21.5.2013

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
serotonin; bone turnover; osteoclastogenesis

Sažetak
Elevated levels of circulating serotonin have been reported to decrease bone mineral density (1). Conversely, reduced serotonin (5HT) in mice lacking TPH1, the rate limiting enzyme for 5HT synthesis, was reported to be anabolic to the skeleton with high osteoblastic activity (2). However, in other studies TPH1 deletion led to either an initial increase in BMD due to inhibition of osteoclastic bone resorption (3), or had no bone effect (4). To address this issue, we used selective breeding to identify rats with elevated (high-5HT) and low (low-5HT) levels of platelet 5HT and high and low levels of platelet 5HT transporter activity. In high-5HT animals platelet serotonin levels and uptake were about 100% higher than in animals with low 5HT. Skeleton was analyzed with mCT, DEXA, histomorphometry and in vitro methods to evaluate the effects of high and low levels of serotonin on bone tissue. In high-5HT rats, bone volume was significantly decreased due to increased bone turnover and an enhanced osteoclastogenesis paralleled by increased serum CTX and osteocalcin values. PTH, 1, 25(OH)2D3, insulin, estrogen, FGF23, BMP6, and leptin were similar in the plasma of both groups. Cultured primary osteoblasts and osteoclasts from high-5HT and low-5HT rats produced 5HT and 5HT receptors that can locally regulate bone turnover. These results suggest that systemically elevated 5HT increased bone turnover leading to bone loss. Further research is required to delineate the 5HT role in the skeleton and to determine the role of serotonin on bone metabolism. References 1. Modder et al. J Bone Miner Res 25 415–422, 2010. 2. Yadav et al. Cell 135 825–837, 2008 3. Chabbi-Achengli et al. PNAS 109 2567–2572, 2012. 4. Cui et al. Nat Med 17 684–691, 2011.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Erjavec, Igor; Bordukalo Nikšić, Tatjana; Brkljačić, Jelena; Pauk, Martina; Grgurević, Lovorka; Thompson, David D.; Paralkar, Vishwas M.; Čičin-Šain, Lipa; Vukičević, Slobodan; Mokrović, Gordana et al.
Elevated levels of serotonin decrease bone volume by direct effects on bone turnover in rats // Bone Abstracts / Langdahl, Bente (ur.).
Lisabon: bioscientifica, 2013. (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)
Erjavec, I., Bordukalo Nikšić, T., Brkljačić, J., Pauk, M., Grgurević, L., Thompson, D., Paralkar, V., Čičin-Šain, L., Vukičević, S. & Mokrović, G. (2013) Elevated levels of serotonin decrease bone volume by direct effects on bone turnover in rats. U: Langdahl, B. (ur.)Bone Abstracts.
@article{article, editor = {Langdahl, B.}, year = {2013}, pages = {100}, keywords = {serotonin, bone turnover, osteoclastogenesis}, title = {Elevated levels of serotonin decrease bone volume by direct effects on bone turnover in rats}, keyword = {serotonin, bone turnover, osteoclastogenesis}, publisher = {bioscientifica}, publisherplace = {Lisabon, Portugal} }