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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 708539

Effects of altered ganglioside environment on the expression and localization of selected membrane proteins in mammalian nervous tissue


Mlinac, Kristina; Viljetić, Barbara; Jovanov Milošević, Nataša; Schnaar, Ronald L.; Smalla, Karl-Heinz; Heffer, Marija; Kalanj Bognar, Svjetlana
Effects of altered ganglioside environment on the expression and localization of selected membrane proteins in mammalian nervous tissue // 9th FENS Forum of Neuroscience (Paperless scientific programme - e-book)
Milano, Italija, 2014. (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, ostalo)


Naslov
Effects of altered ganglioside environment on the expression and localization of selected membrane proteins in mammalian nervous tissue

Autori
Mlinac, Kristina ; Viljetić, Barbara ; Jovanov Milošević, Nataša ; Schnaar, Ronald L. ; Smalla, Karl-Heinz ; Heffer, Marija ; Kalanj Bognar, Svjetlana

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, ostalo

Izvornik
9th FENS Forum of Neuroscience (Paperless scientific programme - e-book) / - , 2014

Skup
9th FENS Forum of Neuroscience

Mjesto i datum
Milano, Italija, 05-09.07.2014

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Gangliosides; membrane proteins; neuroplastin

Sažetak
Gangliosides are complex membrane glycosphingolipids with a plethora of roles in mammalian nervous system. Mice knockout models with disrupted ganglioside biosynthesis have been studied extensively ; still their phenotypes as well as all the full effects of altered ganglioside environment on various cellular processes have not been completely elucidated. The long-standing aim of our group is to unravel the network of membrane proteins as well as lipids affected by changes in ganglioside composition. For that purpose we used two mice knockout models with disrupted ganglioside biosynthesis. After initial gene expression profiling of brain tissue of knockout and wild-type mice using whole genome microarrays and bioinformatic analysis, we performed qRT-PCR, Western blotting and immunohistochemistry for several protein candidates. We focused our investigation on neuroplastin and sodium-potassium pump, and showed that there is a significant change in the transcriptomic and proteomic expression as well as the localisation of selected membrane proteins or some of their isoforms in brain tissue of mice with altered ganglioside biosynthesis. The distribution of neuroplastin, a cell adhesion molecule involved in synaptic plasticity and long-term potentiation, is markedly different in the hippocampus of mice with altered ganglioside synthesis. On the other hand, the disturbed function of sodium-potassium pump leads to altered nerve conductance and may explain seizure susceptibility in analyzed mice models. The exact intermolecular interactions between protein and glycolipid membrane constituents should be investigated further in order to elucidate the nature of their interplay in both physiological and pathological conditions, particularly during neurodevelopment, neurodegeneration and tumorigenesis.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
108-1081870-1877 - Uloga membranskih lipida u moždanom razvitku, starenju i neurodegeneraciji (Svjetlana Kalanj-Bognar, )
219-0061194-2158 - Uloga lipidnih splavi i glikokonjugata u razvoju i regeneraciji živčanog sustava (Marija Heffer, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb,
Medicinski fakultet, Osijek