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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 70623

Application of the alkaline comet assay in human biomonitoring for genotoxicity : a study on Croatian medical personnel handling antineoplastic drugs


Kopjar, Nevenka; Garaj-Vrhovac, Vera
Application of the alkaline comet assay in human biomonitoring for genotoxicity : a study on Croatian medical personnel handling antineoplastic drugs // Mutagenesis, 16 (2001), 1; 71-78 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Application of the alkaline comet assay in human biomonitoring for genotoxicity : a study on Croatian medical personnel handling antineoplastic drugs

Autori
Kopjar, Nevenka ; Garaj-Vrhovac, Vera

Izvornik
Mutagenesis (0267-8357) 16 (2001), 1; 71-78

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Antienoplastic drugs; alkaline comet assay; DNA damage

Sažetak
The alkaline Comet assay was used to evaluate the genotoxicity towards peripheral blood lymphocytes of medical personnel regularly handling various antineoplastic drugs with different safety precautions. The study population consisted of 50 exposed subjects working in the oncology, pulmology, gynaecology and haematology units of nine Croatian hospitals and 20 unexposed control subjects. Peripheral blood lymphocytes from the subjects were embedded in agarose on a microscope slide, and lysed; the DNA was unwound and subjected to electrophoresis at pH 13. Staining with a fluorescent dye was used to identify cells with DNA damage, as judged by increased migration of genetic material from the cell nucleus. DNA damage was quantified by measuring the displacement between the genetic material of the nucleus and the resulting tail using an image analysis system. Three parameters were used as indicators of DNA damage, i.e. tail length, tail DNA % and tail moment. Statistically significant differences in all three parameters were observed between the exposed and control groups. Within the exposed group, there were marked differences between individuals in the comet tail parameters. In the majority of exposed subjects an effect on the DNA damage of age or duration of occupational exposure could be excluded. In the exposed group, the highest level of DNA damage was recorded in subjects who used only latex gloves in their work with antineoplastic drugs. The observed DNA damage was lower in exposed subjects who used more than one type of individual protective equipment and who worked in a well-ventilated safety cabin. No statistically significant differences were found between the mean values of comet tail parameters for smoking and non-smoking subpopulations from the exposed group. In view of the results obtained, the alkaline Comet assay, as a simple, rapid and sensitive method appears to be a promising additional test for the biomonitoring purposes in human populations.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
00220107

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • Biological Abstracts