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Sex differences of antioxidant enzymes activities, lipid metabolism and lipid peroxidation in swine’s slow-twitch muscle (m. psoas major)


Milinković-Tur, Suzana; Žura Žaja, Ivona; Brzica, Hrvoje; Ljubojević, Marija; Bačić, Goran; Špiranec, Katarina; Šuran, Jelena; Del Vechio, Igor; Matešić, Snježana; Shek- Vugrovečki, Ana et al.
Sex differences of antioxidant enzymes activities, lipid metabolism and lipid peroxidation in swine’s slow-twitch muscle (m. psoas major) // Book of abstracts of the 2nd International Scientific Meeting of Anatomy and Physilogy Fundementals of medicine / Vilić, Marinko ; Lucić, Hrvoje (ur.).
Zagreb: University of Zagreb, Faculty of veterinary medicine, 2014. str. 46-46 (poster, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Sex differences of antioxidant enzymes activities, lipid metabolism and lipid peroxidation in swine’s slow-twitch muscle (m. psoas major)

Autori
Milinković-Tur, Suzana ; Žura Žaja, Ivona ; Brzica, Hrvoje ; Ljubojević, Marija ; Bačić, Goran ; Špiranec, Katarina ; Šuran, Jelena ; Del Vechio, Igor ; Matešić, Snježana ; Shek- Vugrovečki, Ana ; Kardum, Matko ; Kozačinski, Lidija ; Cvrtila Fleck, Željka ; Poljičak- Milas, Nina

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Book of abstracts of the 2nd International Scientific Meeting of Anatomy and Physilogy Fundementals of medicine / Vilić, Marinko ; Lucić, Hrvoje - Zagreb : University of Zagreb, Faculty of veterinary medicine, 2014, 46-46

ISBN
987-953-6062-98-0

Skup
2nd International Scientific Meeting of Anatomy and Physilogy Fundementals of medicine

Mjesto i datum
Hrvatska, Zagreb, 16-17.06.2014.

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Neobjavljeni rad

Ključne riječi
Swines muscle; castration; antioxidants; lipid content; lipid peroxidation

Sažetak
Psoas major muscles had a high percentage of slow-twitch oxidative fibres, numerous mitochondria, and possess a high capacity for oxidative metabolism. Since susceptibility of pig muscle to lipid oxidation depends upon relative proportion of fibre type, amount and composition of lipids, and prooksidant/antioxidant balance, the aim of this study was to investigate sex differences of antioxidant enzymes activities, lipid content and lipid peroxidation in swine’s psoas major muscle. The experiment was carried out on twenty Swedish Landrace pigs reared under intensive management system. At four weeks of age five males and five females were gonadectomized, and the rest of the pigs were sham operated in the same way without testes and ovary removal (control males, n = 5 ; control females n = 5). Clinically healthy pigs were slaughtered at ten months of age. In the collected and homogenized muscles samples glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD), triacylglycerides, phospholipids and cholesterol, as well as end product of lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde, MDA) were determined. The results showed no differences between intact males and females antioxidant enzymes activities and MDA concentration, but female pigs had significantly higher cholesterol and lower triacylglycerides concentrations than males. Barrows had a significantly lower triacylglycerides concentration than control males, and castrated females had significantly higher triacylglycerides and phospholipids concentrations than barrows, as well as a significantly lower GSH-Px activity than control females and barrows. The results indicated that muscles of ovariectomized females are more susceptible to lipid peroxidation, due to the lowest GSH-Px activity, higher phospholipids content, and, although not significantly, the highest MDA concentration.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Veterinarska medicina



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
053-0531854-1850 - Hranidbeno metaboličke osnove podizanja kvalitete animalnih namirnica (Nina Poljičak Milas, )
053-0531854-1853 - Mikrobiološka ispravnost i održivost namirnica animalnog podrijetla (Lidija Kozačinski, )
053-0531854-1866 - Antioksidansi u očuvanju zdravlja životinja i kvalitete animalnih namirnica (Suzana Milinković-Tur, )

Ustanove
Veterinarski fakultet, Zagreb