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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 701613

Weakly nonlinear Prandtl model for simple slope flows


Grisogono, Branko; Jurlina, Toni; Večenaj, Željko; Güttler, Ivan
Weakly nonlinear Prandtl model for simple slope flows // Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 141 (2014), 688/Part A; 883-892 doi:10.1002/qj.2406 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Weakly nonlinear Prandtl model for simple slope flows
(Weakly non-linear Prandtl model for simple slope flows)

Autori
Grisogono, Branko ; Jurlina, Toni ; Večenaj, Željko ; Güttler, Ivan

Izvornik
Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society (0035-9009) 141 (2014), 688/Part A; 883-892

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Anabatic and katabatic flow; glacier wind; inclined boundary layers; WKB method

Sažetak
The Prandtl model couples, probably in the most succinct way, basic boundary-layer dynamics and thermodynamics for pure anabatic and katabatic flows over inclined surfaces by assuming a one- dimensional steady-state balance between buoyancy and turbulent friction. Although the classic Prandtl model is linear, having an a priori assigned vertically constant eddy diffusivity and heat conductivity, K, in this analytic work we partly relax both of these restrictions. The first restriction is loosened by using a weakly nonlinear approach where a small parameter, ε, controls feeding of the flow-induced potential temperature gradient back to the environmental potential temperature gradient, because the former, below the katabatic jet, can be 20–50 times stronger than the latter, background or free-flow gradient. An appropriate range of values for ε, controlling the weak nonlinearity for pure katabatic flow, is provided. In this way, the near-surface potential temperature gradient becomes stronger and the corresponding katabatic jet somewhat weaker (at a slightly lower height) than that in the classic Prandtl solution. The second restriction is partly relaxed by using a prescribed, gradually varying K with distance from the underlying surface, all within the usual validity of the zero-order Wentzel–Kramers– Brillouin approximation to solve the coupled differential equations. The new model is compared with the glacier wind data from the Pasterze experiment (PASTEX-94), Austria. Further discussion includes gradient Richardson number consideration and an application to simple anabatic flows. The model may be applied for estimation and interpretation of the wind affecting glacier mass balance and air pollution.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
119-1193086-1311 - Bazične ORografske Atmosferske cirkulacije u Hrvatskoj (BORA) (Branko Grisogono, )
CATURBO (09/151)

Ustanove
Državni hidrometeorološki zavod,
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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