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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 695857

Is the Triple Helix model relevant for innovations in WBC?

Švarc, Jadranka
Is the Triple Helix model relevant for innovations in WBC? // R&D and Innovation in Western Balkans: Moving Towards 2020 / Marinković Ines ; Dall Elke (ur.).
Beč: Centre for Social Innovation, Vienna, Austria, 2014. str. 238-247

Is the Triple Helix model relevant for innovations in WBC?

Švarc, Jadranka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Poglavlja u knjigama, znanstveni

R&D and Innovation in Western Balkans: Moving Towards 2020

Marinković Ines ; Dall Elke

Centre for Social Innovation, Vienna, Austria



Raspon stranica


Ključne riječi
Triple Helix, Western Balkan Countries

The pros and cons for the Triple Helix in WBCs starts from the basic assumption that perspectives of Triple Helix innovation in the WBCs are strongly correlated with the performance of their innovation systems, which build the Triple Helix Knowledge, Innovation and Consensus spaces. The three main findings regarding the WBC’s abilities to implement Triple Helix Systems are identifed. First, the constitutive elements of Triple Helix systems are still incipient in all the WBCs, with significant differences between countries in the degree of development. Second, the differences among WBCs in Triple Helix implementation are due to disparities in the performance, maturity and efficiency of the main components of the innovation systems, which provide at the same time the “inputs” for the Triple Helix spaces, components and relationships that enable the functioning of a Triple Helix system. Thirdly, considering these country differences, the prospects for the development of Triple Helix systems need to be also differentiated. The limited innovative capabilities, on the one hand, and the need for global competiveness usually based on research and innovation, on the other hand, lead to the conclusion that WBCs have to act on two fronts simultaneously. The first front includes policy measures to improve the production capacities and to strengthen the entrepreneurial spirit in the region. This front is crucial for immediate or short-term recovery. The whole region could benefit from spatial proximity, a common market of more than 20 million persons, as well as from involving companies into the common innovation process on the regional level supported by the similar values and understanding of technological and commercial processes. The second front refers to improving research and educational capacities to increase the economic impact of R&D, along the principles of smart specialisation. The World Bank’s Western Balkans Regional R&D Strategy for Innovation could provide an excellent starting point on this matter.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja


Institut društvenih znanosti Ivo Pilar, Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Jadranka Švarc, (70621)