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The Counts Kurjaković of Krbava in the medieval history of modern-day Slovakia


Grgin, Borislav; Botica, Ivan
The Counts Kurjaković of Krbava in the medieval history of modern-day Slovakia // Slovakia and Croatia: historical parallels and connections (until 1780) / Homza, Martin ; Lukačka, Ján ; Budak, Neven (ur.).
Bratislava: Department of Slovak History at the Faculty of Philosophy of Comenius University Bratislava, 2013. str. 164-174


Naslov
The Counts Kurjaković of Krbava in the medieval history of modern-day Slovakia

Autori
Grgin, Borislav ; Botica, Ivan

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Poglavlja u knjigama, znanstveni

Knjiga
Slovakia and Croatia: historical parallels and connections (until 1780)

Urednik/ci
Homza, Martin ; Lukačka, Ján ; Budak, Neven

Izdavač
Department of Slovak History at the Faculty of Philosophy of Comenius University Bratislava

Grad
Bratislava

Godina
2013

Raspon stranica
164-174

ISBN
978-80-89567-20-1

Ključne riječi
High nobility, 13th - 15th century, Krbava, Čeklís, Slovakian branch of Croatian nobility

Sažetak
The Counts of Krbava (Corbaviai), a family of Croatian magnates, have been documented in the sources from the thirteenth century up to 1531. They originated from the county of Krbava, today a rather undeveloped and poorly inhabited part of the Croatian region of Lika. In contrast to this, during the Middle Ages Krbava was one of the important Croatian political and ecclesiastical centres. We do not know much about the counts due to the fact that their family archive probably perished during the Ottoman invasions at the turn of the fifteenth and the sixteenth centuries. However, analysis has shown that Krbavski had seven generations with three branches and altogether some 60 individuals. They mainly marked medieval Croatia, Dalmatia, Slavonia, Istria and Bosnia with their presence. Nevertheless, some of them temporarily or permanently resided in today’s Hungary and Slovakia. Of all the Croatian magnates, they were the ones who were often most present in Slovakia. This was practically unknown in Croatia until the pioneering work of Pál Engel from 1998. The first among the Krbavski in Slovakia was the kindred’s leading figure, Grgur (Gregory) I, in 1358. He came to Levoča? / Levice? (in castro Levia) as a prisoner of King Louis I. The counts ascended significantly on the social scale during the rule of King Sigismund (1387– 1437), because they were the king’s most consistent and loyal supporters in medieval Croatia. Therefore, they were rewarded with many high-ranking titles and offices, as well as with numerous landed estates. For example, Count Karlo II (Charles) of Krbava obtained from the king, in 1393, as a permanent donation the royal castle and town of Čeklís (Latin Cheklyz, Slovak Bernolákovo ; Hungarian Cseklész). Čeklís or Bernolákovo remained Karlo’s seat and residence right up to his death (after 1422). He was consequently even titled Duke of Čeklís. He spent his lifetime between his native region and his estates in Slovakia. He also possessed a big house in Bratislava. His direct descendents (three sons, three grandsons, and one great-grandson) remained permanently in Slovakia and with time extended their possessions even in the region of Nitra. This branch of the Krbavski kindred could be, therefore, called with full justification Slovak nobility of Croatian origin. This paper presents data about the Slovak branch of the Krbavski from the perspective of Croatian history.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Povijest



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
090-0900998-0997 - Glagoljska paleografija (Marica Čunčić, )
130-1300620-0641 - MONUMENTA MEDIAEVALIA VARIA (SREDNJOVJEKOVNI POVIJESNI SPOMENICI) (Neven Budak, )

Ustanove
Staroslavenski institut , Zagreb,
Filozofski fakultet, Zagreb