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Update on the core and developing cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers for Alzheimer disease


Babić, Mirjana; Švob Štrac, Dubravka; Muck- Šeler, Dorotea; Pivac, Nela; Stanić, Gabrijela; Hof, Patrick R.; Šimić, Goran
Update on the core and developing cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers for Alzheimer disease // Croatian medical journal, 55 (2014), 4; 347-365 doi:10.3325/cmj.2014.55.347 (međunarodna recenzija, pregledni rad, znanstveni)


Naslov
Update on the core and developing cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers for Alzheimer disease

Autori
Babić, Mirjana ; Švob Štrac, Dubravka ; Muck- Šeler, Dorotea ; Pivac, Nela ; Stanić, Gabrijela ; Hof, Patrick R. ; Šimić, Goran

Izvornik
Croatian medical journal (0353-9504) 55 (2014), 4; 347-365

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, pregledni rad, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Alzheimer's disease; biomarkers; cerebrospinal fluid; early diagnosis

Sažetak
Alzheimer disease (AD) is a complex neurodegenerative disorder, whose prevalence will dramatically rise by 2050. Despite numerous clinical trials investigating this disease, there is still no effective treatment. Many trials showed negative or inconclusive results, possibly because they recruited only patients with severe disease, who had not undergone disease- modifying therapies in preclinical stages of AD before severe degeneration occurred. Detection of AD in asymptomatic at risk individuals (and a few presymptomatic individuals who carry an autosomal dominant monogenic AD mutation) remains impractical in many of clinical situations and is possible only with reliable biomarkers. In addition to early diagnosis of AD, biomarkers should serve for monitoring disease progression and response to therapy. To date, the most promising biomarkers are cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and neuroimaging biomarkers. Core CSF biomarkers (amyloid β1-42, total tau, and phosphorylated tau) showed a high diagnostic accuracy but were still unreliable for preclinical detection of AD. Hence, there is an urgent need for detection and validation of novel CSF biomarkers that would enable early diagnosis of AD in asymptomatic individuals. This article reviews recent research advances on biomarkers for AD, focusing mainly on the CSF biomarkers. In addition to core CSF biomarkers, the potential usefulness of novel CSF biomarkers is discussed.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti, Psihologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0000000-2448 - Stres, GABA-A receptori i mehanizmi djelovanja neuropsihofarmaka (Dubravka Švob Štrac, )
098-0982522-2455 - Molekularna podloga i liječenje psihijatrijskih i stresom izazvanih poremećaja (Nela Pivac, )
098-0982522-2457 - Farmakogenomika i proteomika serotoninskog i kateholaminskog sustava (Dorotea Muck-Šeler, )
108-1081870-1942 - Fosforilacija tau proteina u razvitku i Alzheimerovoj bolesti (Goran Šimić, )
HRZZ-09/16 - Otkrivanje i praćenje bioloških biljega radi rane terapijske intervencije u Alzheimerovoj bolesti (Goran Šimić, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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