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Interleukin-33 enhances CD8+ T cell response in MCMV infection


Popović, Branka; Krmpotić, Astrid; Jonjić, Stipan
Interleukin-33 enhances CD8+ T cell response in MCMV infection // Abstract Book of the 2012 Annual Meeting of the Croatian Immunological Society
Marija Bistrica, Hrvatska, 2012. (poster, domaća recenzija, sažetak, ostalo)


Naslov
Interleukin-33 enhances CD8+ T cell response in MCMV infection

Autori
Popović, Branka ; Krmpotić, Astrid ; Jonjić, Stipan

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, ostalo

Izvornik
Abstract Book of the 2012 Annual Meeting of the Croatian Immunological Society / - , 2012

Skup
2012 Annual Meeting of the Croatian Immunological Society

Mjesto i datum
Marija Bistrica, Hrvatska, 05.-06.10.2012

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Domaća recenzija

Ključne riječi
IL-33; ST2; MCMV; CD8 T cell

Sažetak
Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is a recently identified member of IL-1 cytokine family (Schmitz et al., 2005). It is expressed in the nucleus of nonhematopoietic cells, such as fibroblasts, epithelial and endothelial cells of various tissues, following pro-inflammatory stimulation and is thought to be released on cell necrosis as an alarmin. The IL-33 receptor consists of ST2 and IL-1 receptor accesory protein. By differential splicing, the ST2 gene encodes at least 3 isoforms of protein, a soluble form, a variant and a membrane-bound ST2 which is a member of Toll-like receptor (TLR) family. Although the receptor is expressed by many cell types, membrane-bound ST2 expression is highest on mast cells and activated T helper 2 (TH2) cells. Many evidences support an important role of IL-33 in TH2 cell-mediated immune responses. Interestingly, ST2 is also found on NK and NKT cells, which respond to IL-33 with increased IFN-γ production, suggesting a role for IL-33/ST2 in innate TH1 type immune responses (Smithgall et al., 2008). Recently was shown that IL-33 is necessary for CD8+ T cell (CTL) responses to lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (Bonilla et al., 2012). We studied role of IL-33/ST2 signaling in murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) model. ST2-deficient (ST2-/-) mice showed weaker CTL response to MCMV infection. Mice had lower percentages of virus-specific CD8+ T cells, decreased IFN-γ production and decreased activation marker expression. These results indicate that IL-33 signals through ST2 receptor to amplify effector T cell response to MCMV. Many questions still remain to be answered regarding IL-33 role in viral infections. However, the ability to target numerous immune cell types and to induce cytokine and chemokine production underlines its potential in influencing the outcome of a wide range od diseases.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski



POVEZANOST RADA


Profili:

Avatar Url Astrid Krmpotić (autor)

Avatar Url Stipan Jonjić (autor)

Avatar Url Branka Popović (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Popović, Branka; Krmpotić, Astrid; Jonjić, Stipan
Interleukin-33 enhances CD8+ T cell response in MCMV infection // Abstract Book of the 2012 Annual Meeting of the Croatian Immunological Society
Marija Bistrica, Hrvatska, 2012. (poster, domaća recenzija, sažetak, ostalo)
Popović, B., Krmpotić, A. & Jonjić, S. (2012) Interleukin-33 enhances CD8+ T cell response in MCMV infection. U: Abstract Book of the 2012 Annual Meeting of the Croatian Immunological Society.
@article{article, year = {2012}, keywords = {IL-33, ST2, MCMV, CD8 T cell}, title = {Interleukin-33 enhances CD8+ T cell response in MCMV infection}, keyword = {IL-33, ST2, MCMV, CD8 T cell}, publisherplace = {Marija Bistrica, Hrvatska} }