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Evaluation of the cyto/genotoxicity profile of oxime K048 using human peripheral blood lymphocytes : An introductory study


Lucić Vrdoljak, Ana; Žunec, Suzana; Radić, Božica; Fuchs, Radovan; Želježić, Davor; Kopjar, Nevenka
Evaluation of the cyto/genotoxicity profile of oxime K048 using human peripheral blood lymphocytes : An introductory study // Toxicology in vitro, 28 (2014), 1; 39-45 doi:10.1016/j.tiv.2013.06.007 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Evaluation of the cyto/genotoxicity profile of oxime K048 using human peripheral blood lymphocytes : An introductory study

Autori
Lucić Vrdoljak, Ana ; Žunec, Suzana ; Radić, Božica ; Fuchs, Radovan ; Želježić, Davor ; Kopjar, Nevenka

Izvornik
Toxicology in vitro (0887-2333) 28 (2014), 1; 39-45

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Chromosome aberrations DNA damage In vitro Lymphocyte Micronuclei Oxime

Sažetak
This study investigates the effects of oxime K048 (730, 200, and 7.3 nM) on the viability and chromosome stability of human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) after a 30 min exposure in vitro. Cytotoxicity was tested by a viability assay with ethidium bromide and acridine orange. For the evaluation of the genotoxic potential, we used comet assays, cytokinesis-blocked micronucleus (CBMN) assay, and chromosome aberration (CA) analysis. We found acceptable cytotoxicity for K048 (9.7 ± 2.1% non-viable PBL at highest concentration vs. 7.3 ± 2.5% in control ; apoptosis dominated over necrosis). Overall primary DNA damage was low and not significantly different from controls. The hOGG1-comet assay showed a slight increase in the level of oxidative DNA damage. In oxime treated PBLs, we found 13–19 MN compared to 15 MN in control cultures. The frequencies and types of CA in oxime-treated PBLs did not significantly differ from controls. K048 showed acceptable biocompatibility at the level of cell viability and chromatin/chromosome integrity. Since no increase in secondary genome damage was detected, the primary DNA lesions may have resulted from treatment-induced cell stress, subsequently becoming repaired and not fixed as chromosome aberrations. The toxicity profile of K048 should be further studied and compared with other clinically relevant oximes.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija

Napomena
Rad je prezentiran na skupu 17th International Congress on In Vitro Toxicology (ESTIV 202) ; Mathieu Vinken, Maria Laura Scarino, Erwin Roggen, Bas J. Blaauboer (ur.).



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
022-0222148-2137 - Genotoksičnost kemijskih i fizikalnih agensa prirodnog i antropogenog podrijetla (Vilena Kašuba, )
022-0222148-2139 - Terapijski učinak novosintetiziranih spojeva pri otrovanju organofosfatima (Ana Lucić Vrdoljak, )

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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