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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 656189

Redox control of microglial function: molecular mechanisms and functional significance


Rojo, Ana I.; McBean, Gethin; Cindrić, Marina; Egea, Javier; García, Manuela; Rada, Patricia; Žarković, Neven; Cuadrado, Antonio
Redox control of microglial function: molecular mechanisms and functional significance // Antioxidants & redox signaling, 21 (2014), 12; 1766-1801 doi:10.1089/ars.2013.5745 (međunarodna recenzija, pregledni rad, znanstveni)


Naslov
Redox control of microglial function: molecular mechanisms and functional significance

Autori
Rojo, Ana I. ; McBean, Gethin ; Cindrić, Marina ; Egea, Javier ; García, Manuela ; Rada, Patricia ; Žarković, Neven ; Cuadrado, Antonio

Izvornik
Antioxidants & redox signaling (1523-0864) 21 (2014), 12; 1766-1801

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, pregledni rad, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Microglia; redox control; ROS; neuroinflammation

Sažetak
Neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by chronic microglial over-activation and oxidative stress. Both events are tightly linked with neuron damage and it is now beginning to be recognized that reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by either microglia itself or by the surrounding environment not only impact on neurons but also modulate microglial activity. In this review, we first analyze the hallmarks of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory phenotypes of microglia and its regulation by ROS. Then, we consider the production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species by NADPH oxidases and nitric oxide synthases and the new findings indicating an essential role of glutathione in redox homeostasis of microglia. The signaling effect of oxidant modification of macromolecules is analyzed in detail at the level of oxidized lipid by-products and sulfhydryl modification of microglial proteins. Redox signaling has a profound impact on two transcription factors that modulate microglial fate, NF-κB and NRF2, master regulators of the pro-inflammatory and antioxidant responses of microglia, respectively. The relevance of these two proteins in modulation of microglial activity and the interplay between them will be discussed. Finally, the relevance of ROS in alteration of blood brain barrier permeability is discussed. Recent examples on the relevance of these findings on the onset or progression of neurodegenerative diseases are also discussed. This review should provide a deep view of the role of redox homeostasis in microglial activity and help in the identification of new and promising targets to control neuroinflammation through redox control of the brain.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0982464-2519 - Lipidi, slobodni radikali i njihovi glasnici u integrativnoj onkologiji (Neven Žarković, )
108-0000000-0028 - Oksidacijski stres i tumori središnjeg živčanog sustava (Kamelija Žarković, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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