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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 653523

Numerička analiza stvaranja filma tekućine na stijenci za primjenu u selektivnoj katalitičkoj redukciji


Baleta, Jakov
Numerička analiza stvaranja filma tekućine na stijenci za primjenu u selektivnoj katalitičkoj redukciji, 2013., diplomski rad, diplomski, Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, Zagreb


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Naslov
Numerička analiza stvaranja filma tekućine na stijenci za primjenu u selektivnoj katalitičkoj redukciji
(Numerical investigation of wallfilm formation for selective catalytic reduction applications)

Autori
Baleta, Jakov

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Ocjenski radovi, diplomski rad, diplomski

Fakultet
Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje

Mjesto
Zagreb

Datum
24.05

Godina
2013

Stranica
76

Mentor
Duić, Neven

Neposredni voditelj
Vujanović, Milan

Ključne riječi
obrada dimnih plinova; selektivna katalitička redukcija; film na stijenci; vodena otopina uree; redukcija dušikovih oksida; računalna dinamika fluida
(gas aftertreatment; selective catalytic reduction; wallfilm; urea water solution; NOx reduction; computational fluid dynamics)

Sažetak
The urea-water-solution (UWS) based selective catalytic reduction (SCR) is currently most promising method to fulfil stringent requirements of upcoming Euro 6 norm on NOx emissions from diesel engines. Once urea-water- solution spray is injected into hot exhaust gas stream before SCR catalyst, water content evaporates from UWS. Afterwards, ammonia is generated through thermal decomposition of urea and hydrolysis of isocyanic acid. Generated ammonia takes part in various deNOx reactions as a reductant. The resulting spatial distribution of the reducing agent before the catalyst is a crucial factor for the conversion of NOx. The uniform distribution and the degree of processing of the reducing agent upstream of the SCR catalyst can be, besides the evaporation and decomposition, also influenced by the spray/wall interaction. The focus of this paper is therefore the investigation of the spray interaction with both the hot air stream and wall by means of numerical simulation and the validation of mathematical models integrated in commercial CFD code Fire. To predict the generation and distribution of the reducing agent a detailed three-dimensional numerical simulation was performed. UWS droplets were treated with Lagrangian particle tracking, which solves the equation of motion, mass and enthalpy for parcels of droplets with identical properties. Deposition of droplets leads to the formation of a wallfilm which is modelled with a 2D finite volume method in the Fire wallfilm module. To evaluate the influence of varying parameters, well-known spray parameters as an initial condition are essential for a CFD simulation. As modelling of primary breakup is still insufficiently understood, the first step is spray calibration. The single calibration steps of spray were verified with digital CCD (charge- coupled device) camera images, patternator measurements and laser light scattering measurements. After spray calibration the spray/wall-interaction and wallfilm formation were investigated in a rectangular flow channel geometry and obtained simulation results were compared to experimental data.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Strojarstvo



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
120-1201918-1920 - Racionalno skladištenje energije za održivi razvoj energetike (Duić, Neven, MZOS ) ( POIROT)

Ustanove:
Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Jakov Baleta (autor)

Avatar Url Neven Duić (mentor)

Avatar Url Milan Vujanović (mentor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

Baleta, Jakov
Numerička analiza stvaranja filma tekućine na stijenci za primjenu u selektivnoj katalitičkoj redukciji, 2013., diplomski rad, diplomski, Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, Zagreb
Baleta, J. (2013) 'Numerička analiza stvaranja filma tekućine na stijenci za primjenu u selektivnoj katalitičkoj redukciji', diplomski rad, diplomski, Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, Zagreb.
@phdthesis{phdthesis, author = {Baleta, J.}, year = {2013}, pages = {76}, keywords = {obrada dimnih plinova, selektivna kataliti\v{c}ka redukcija, film na stijenci, vodena otopina uree, redukcija du\v{s}ikovih oksida, ra\v{c}unalna dinamika fluida}, title = {Numeri\v{c}ka analiza stvaranja filma teku\'{c}ine na stijenci za primjenu u selektivnoj kataliti\v{c}koj redukciji}, keyword = {obrada dimnih plinova, selektivna kataliti\v{c}ka redukcija, film na stijenci, vodena otopina uree, redukcija du\v{s}ikovih oksida, ra\v{c}unalna dinamika fluida}, publisherplace = {Zagreb} }
@phdthesis{phdthesis, author = {Baleta, J.}, year = {2013}, pages = {76}, keywords = {gas aftertreatment, selective catalytic reduction, wallfilm, urea water solution, NOx reduction, computational fluid dynamics}, title = {Numerical investigation of wallfilm formation for selective catalytic reduction applications}, keyword = {gas aftertreatment, selective catalytic reduction, wallfilm, urea water solution, NOx reduction, computational fluid dynamics}, publisherplace = {Zagreb} }




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