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Complexes of Ketones with SbF5 in the Condensed Phase. Structural Effects on the Carbonyl Stretching Frequencies


Vančik, Hrvoj; Gabelica, Vesna; Mihalić, Zlatko; Sunko, Dionis E.
Complexes of Ketones with SbF5 in the Condensed Phase. Structural Effects on the Carbonyl Stretching Frequencies // Journal of Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2, (1994), 7; 1611-1614 doi:10.1039/P29940001611 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Complexes of Ketones with SbF5 in the Condensed Phase. Structural Effects on the Carbonyl Stretching Frequencies

Autori
Vančik, Hrvoj ; Gabelica, Vesna ; Mihalić, Zlatko ; Sunko, Dionis E.

Izvornik
Journal of Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2 (1364-5471) (1994), 7; 1611-1614

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Matrix isolation; ketone stretching frequencies; ketone–SbF5 complexes; ab initio calculations

Sažetak
The cryochemical matrix isolation method has been used to measure the down frequency shift of C=O stretching vibrations (Δν) which originate from ketones complexing with SbF5. Such ketone–SbF5 complexes can serve as good models of analogous carbocations. The weakening of the C=O bond in the complex is a consequence of its increased polarization. The influence of the hydrocarbon skeleton on the stabilization of the incipient positively charged carbon atom is qualitatively similar to that in carbocations. Examined ketones 1–23 can be sorted into two categories. Complexes of ketones similar to classical carbocations belong to the first category. Because in this group the inductive donation of electrons to the positively charged carbon atom is the dominant effect, the Δν values correlate well with the number of Cα–Cβ bonds. Ketone complexes in which the Δν values substantially deviate from the linear correlation belong to the second category where the structures of the hydrocarbon skeleton are the same as in carbocations in which other stabilizing effects are operative. The observed deviation from linearity can be rationalized by other effects such as hyperconjugation, bridging, participation and homoaromaticity. This view has been supported by semiempirical and ab initio calculations.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI


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