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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 648958

Can genetics aggravate the health of isolated and remote populations? The case of gout, hyperuricaemia and osteoarthritis in Dalmatia


Miljković, Ana; Pehlić, Marina; Budimir, Danijela; Gunjača, Grgo; Mudnić, Ivana; Pavić, Arsen; Jerončić, Iris; Kolčić, Ivana; Boban, Mladen; Hayward, Caroline; Polašek, Ozren
Can genetics aggravate the health of isolated and remote populations? The case of gout, hyperuricaemia and osteoarthritis in Dalmatia // Rural and remote health, 13 (2013), 1; 2153-1 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Can genetics aggravate the health of isolated and remote populations? The case of gout, hyperuricaemia and osteoarthritis in Dalmatia

Autori
Miljković, Ana ; Pehlić, Marina ; Budimir, Danijela ; Gunjača, Grgo ; Mudnić, Ivana ; Pavić, Arsen ; Jerončić, Iris ; Kolčić, Ivana ; Boban, Mladen ; Hayward, Caroline ; Polašek, Ozren

Izvornik
Rural and remote health (1445-6354) 13 (2013), 1; 2153-1

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Arthritis; Croatia; genetics; gout; health; island; policy; remote

Sažetak
The aim of this study was to investigate whether genetics may be considered an additional risk factor for health in isolated and remote populations, compared with their populations of origin. In this study, two remote island population samples from Croatia (from the islands of Vis and the Korcula) were compared with mainland controls from the coastal city of Split. The analyses focused on gout, hyperuricaemia and osteoarthritis, as examples of complex, multifactorial diseases. A total of 3006 examinees from all three sites in Dalmatia, Croatia were included in the descriptive part of the study, within a large-scale project of 10, 001 Dalmatians. Additionally, a subset of 2428 subjects was genotyped and information on three genomic loci was used in this study. All three loci belong to SLC2A9 gene, considered to have a major role in the regulation of serum uric acid concentration (rs6449213, rs1014290 and rs737267). There was a much a higher prevalence of gout in the isolated populations compared with the mainland sample (3.3% in Vis, 2.2% in Korcula and 1.7% in Split, after age standardization). Furthermore, standardized prevalence of hyperuricaemia (defined as serum uric acid ≥403 mmol/L) was 9.9% in Vis, 5.6% in Korcula and 6.1% in Split. Analysis of the allele frequencies for the three loci of SLC2A9 suggested that in all three instances the prevalence of deleterious genotypes was highest in Vis, followed by Korcula, which had higher or comparable prevalence to the city of Split. Multivariate analysis, adjusted for the main confounder effects indicated that those on the island of Vis, which has the higher degree of isolation, had significantly higher odds ratio for both hyperuricaemia (odds ratio 1.90 95% confidence intervals [1.36-2.64]) and osteoarthritis, but not gout (3.37 [2.14-5.32]). The difference between Split and Korcula included only greater odds for osteoarthritis (1.92 [1.20-3.06]). Isolated and remote populations that maintain a sufficient level of genetic isolation may suffer not only from consequences of geographic and social isolation, but their population genetic structure may also further contribute to poorer health status and outcomes.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
216-1080315-0302 - Odrednice zdravlja i bolesti u općoj i izoliranim ljudskim populacijama (Ozren Polašek, )
216-2160547-0537 - Kardiovaskularni učinci vina i njegovih sastojaka (Mladen Boban, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Split

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • Social Science Citation Index (SSCI)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE