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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 646806

Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of bacteria causing urinary tract infections in dogs and cats in Croatia


Vučković, Silvija; Matanović, Krešimir; Šeol Martinec, Branka
Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of bacteria causing urinary tract infections in dogs and cats in Croatia // Book of Abstracts, The 5th International Congress "Veterinary Science and Profession"
Zagreb, 2013. str. 80-80 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of bacteria causing urinary tract infections in dogs and cats in Croatia

Autori
Vučković, Silvija ; Matanović, Krešimir ; Šeol Martinec, Branka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Book of Abstracts, The 5th International Congress "Veterinary Science and Profession" / - Zagreb, 2013, 80-80

Skup
The 5th International Congress "Veterinary Science and Profession"

Mjesto i datum
Zagreb, Hrvatska, 3-4.10.2013.

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Infekcija mokraćnog sustava; pas; mačka; bakterija; osjetljivost na antimikrobne lijekove
(Urinary tract infection; dog; cat; bacteria; antimicrobial susceptibility)

Sažetak
The aim of this study was to identify and determine the prevalence of bacteria causing urinary tract infections (UTI) in dogs and cats in Croatia, and to examine their susceptibility to antimicrobials. Urine samples were examined by quantitative bacteriological analysis and number of bacteria expressed as colony forming units per milliliter of urine. Identification was based on colony type and morphology, Gram staining characteristics, and standard biochemical tests. PCR was used for identification of Staphylococcus pseudintermedius and detection of mecA gene. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method. Bacterial examination of 95 urine samples yielded 50 bacterial isolates, while the most frequent were Escherichia coli, S. pseudintermedius, Proteus mirabilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Susceptibility to 13 to 17 antimicrobials was determined by disk-diffusion procedure, and the most active agents in vitro were amikacin, nitrofurantoin and ceftazidime. Hemolytic strains of E. coli were more frequently isolated in acute non-complicated cystitis, while non-hemolytic strains were associated with complicated UTI. These differences were statistically significant. Non-hemolytic E. coli strains were generally more resistant to antimicrobials compared to hemolytic strains. Unexpectedly high rates of antimicrobial resistance were detected for several antimicrobials which are commonly used for empirical treatment of UTI.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Veterinarska medicina



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
053-0481153-1129 - Mikoplazmoze i neke uvjetovane infekcijske bolesti životinja (Branka Šeol, )

Ustanove
Veterinarski fakultet, Zagreb