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Composite analysis with Monte Carlo methods: an example with cosmic rays and clouds


Laken, Benjamin A.; Čalogović, Jaša
Composite analysis with Monte Carlo methods: an example with cosmic rays and clouds // Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 3 (2013), A29-1 doi:10.1051/swsc/2013051 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Composite analysis with Monte Carlo methods: an example with cosmic rays and clouds

Autori
Laken, Benjamin A. ; Čalogović, Jaša

Izvornik
Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate (2115-7251) 3 (2013); A29-1

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
statistics and probability; cosmic ray; cloud

Sažetak
The composite (superposed epoch) analysis technique has been frequently employed to examine a hypothesized link between solar activity and the Earth’s atmosphere, often through an investigation of Forbush decrease (Fd) events (sudden high- magnitude decreases in the flux cosmic rays impinging on the upper-atmosphere lasting up to several days). This technique is useful for isolating low-amplitude signals within data where background variability would otherwise obscure detection. The application of composite analyses to investigate the possible impacts of Fd events involves a statistical examination of time- dependent atmospheric responses to Fds often from aerosol and/or cloud datasets. Despite the publication of numerous results within this field, clear conclusions have yet to be drawn and much ambiguity and disagreement still remain. In this paper, we argue that the conflicting findings of composite studies within this field relate to methodological differences in the manner in which the composites have been constructed and analyzed. Working from an example, we show how a composite may be objectively constructed to maximize signal detection, robustly identify statistical significance, and quantify the lower- limit uncertainty related to hypothesis testing. Additionally, we also demonstrate how a seemingly significant false positive may be obtained from non-significant data by minor alterations to methodological approaches.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
007-0000000-1362 - Eruptivni procesi u Sunčevoj atmosferi (Bojan Vršnak, )

Ustanove
Geodetski fakultet, Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Jaša Čalogović (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Laken, Benjamin A.; Čalogović, Jaša
Composite analysis with Monte Carlo methods: an example with cosmic rays and clouds // Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 3 (2013), A29-1 doi:10.1051/swsc/2013051 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Laken, B. & Čalogović, J. (2013) Composite analysis with Monte Carlo methods: an example with cosmic rays and clouds. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 3, A29-1 doi:10.1051/swsc/2013051.
@article{article, year = {2013}, pages = {A29-1-A29-13}, DOI = {10.1051/swsc/2013051}, keywords = {statistics and probability, cosmic ray, cloud}, journal = {Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate}, doi = {10.1051/swsc/2013051}, volume = {3}, issn = {2115-7251}, title = {Composite analysis with Monte Carlo methods: an example with cosmic rays and clouds}, keyword = {statistics and probability, cosmic ray, cloud} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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