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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 645556

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease proven by transient elastography in patients with coronary heart disease


Mikolašević, Ivana; Orlić, Lidija; Milić, Sandra; Lukenda, Vesna; Avdović, Ervin; Rački, Sanjin; Štimac, Davor; Zaputović, Luka
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease proven by transient elastography in patients with coronary heart disease // Cardiologia Croatica / Ivanuša, Mario (ur.).
Zagreb: Croatian Cardiac Society, 2013. str. 315-315 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease proven by transient elastography in patients with coronary heart disease

Autori
Mikolašević, Ivana ; Orlić, Lidija ; Milić, Sandra ; Lukenda, Vesna ; Avdović, Ervin ; Rački, Sanjin ; Štimac, Davor ; Zaputović, Luka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Cardiologia Croatica / Ivanuša, Mario - Zagreb : Croatian Cardiac Society, 2013, 315-315

Skup
3rd Dubrovnik Cardiology Highlights

Mjesto i datum
Dubrovnik, Hrvatska, 26-29.09.2013

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; metabolic syndrome; cardiovascular disease; transient elastography

Sažetak
AIM: The current importance of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its link to the metabolic syndrome (MS) has encouraged interest in its possible role in the development of atherosclerosis. Recent studies have shown that NAFLD is not only a marker of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but may be actively involved in its pathogenesis. Nevertheless, the relationship between NAFLD and coronary heart disease (CHD) is still poorly understood. Therefore, we evaluated how frequently NAFLD is present in patients with CHD. In this cross-sectional study we assessed the frequency of NAFLD in above mentioned population by using transient elastography (TE). To our knowledge this is the first study using TE in assessment of NAFLD in CHD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty patients with proven CHD were enrolled. Controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) was used to detect and quantify liver steatosis by using TE (Fibroscan®, Echosense, Paris, France). The cut-off value for defining liver steatosis was CAP ≥238 dB.m-1 and cut-off value for defining the presence of fibrosis was liver stiffness of >7 kPa. By CAP being implemented on TE, both liver steatosis and fibrosis can be evaluated simultaneously. According to this, NAFLD was defined by the presence of steatosis with CAP values ≥238 dB.m-1 regardless of presence or absence of any stage of fibrosis. RESULTS: Of the 60 patients, 39 (65%) had CAP > 238 dB.m-1 and by definition NAFLD. According to the literature the grades of liver steatosis were defined by CAP values: 6 (15.4%) patients had grade 1, 11 (28.2%) had grade 2, 22 (56.4%) had grade 3. Among the patients with NAFLD, 15 patients (38.5%) had in addition liver stiffness > 7 kPa. The severity of liver steatosis correlated positively with the total cholesterol, triglycerides, ALT and GGT levels, while there was negative correlation with hemoglobin and serum iron levels. A great proportion of our patients had MS (60%). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that NAFLD proven by TE is highly prevalent in patients with CHD. Although treatment of obesity, diabetes mellitus type 2, hypertension and dyslipidemia could reduce NAFLD occurrence, its influence on CVD mortality is still not well established. Further prospective studies investigating this association are needed. The main finding of our study is that TE provides the opportunity of non-invasive screening for NAFLD in CHD patients, because it is a quick, simple, reliable and repeatable method and more cost-effective than liver biopsy.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
062-1081875-0545 - Aterogeneza i trombogeneza u ishemijskoj bolesti srca (Luka Zaputović, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Rijeka,
Klinički bolnički centar Rijeka