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Marine Polysaccharide Networks and Diatoms at the Nanometric Scale


Svetličić, Vesna; Žutić, Vera; Pletikapić, Galja; Mišić Radić, Tea
Marine Polysaccharide Networks and Diatoms at the Nanometric Scale // International journal of molecular sciences, 14 (2013), 10; 20064-20078 doi:10.3390/ijms141020064 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Marine Polysaccharide Networks and Diatoms at the Nanometric Scale

Autori
Svetličić, Vesna ; Žutić, Vera ; Pletikapić, Galja ; Mišić Radić, Tea

Izvornik
International journal of molecular sciences (1422-0067) 14 (2013), 10; 20064-20078

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Atomic force microscopy; marine diatoms; extracellular polymeric substance; extracellular polysaccharides; marine gel network; self assembly; self-organization; Cylindrotheca closterium; Bacteriastrum jadranum; northern Adriatic Sea

Sažetak
Despite many advances in research on photosynthetic carbon fixation in marine diatoms, the biophysical and biochemical mechanisms of extracellular polysaccharide production remain significant challenges to be resolved at the molecular scale in order to proceed toward an understanding of their functions at the cellular level, as well as their interactions and fate in the ocean. This review covers studies of diatom extracellular polysaccharides using atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging and the quantification of physical forces. Following a brief summary of the basic principle of the AFM experiment and the first AFM studies of diatom extracellular polymeric substance (EPS), we focus on the detection of supramolecular structures in polysaccharide systems produced by marine diatoms. Extracellular polysaccharide fibrils, attached to the diatom cell wall or released into the surrounding seawater, form distinct supramolecular assemblies best described as gel networks. AFM makes characterization of the diatom polysaccharide networks at the micro and nanometric scales and a clear distinction between the self-assembly and self-organization of these complex systems in marine environments possible.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija, Kemija, Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0982934-2744 - Površinske sile na atomskoj skali u istraživanju mora i nanotehnologiji (Vesna Svetličić, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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