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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 643025

Porous silicon by galvanostatic electrochemical anodisation of epitaxial silicon, polycrystalline silicon and silicon on insulator layers


Ivanda, Mile; Balarin, Maja; Gamulin Ozren; Đerek, Vedran; Ristić, Davor; Musić, Svetozar; Ristić, Mira; Kosović, Marin
Porous silicon by galvanostatic electrochemical anodisation of epitaxial silicon, polycrystalline silicon and silicon on insulator layers // Advanced sensors for safety and security / Vaseashta, Ashok ; Khudaverdyan, Surik (ur.).
London: Springer, 2013. str. 303-320


Naslov
Porous silicon by galvanostatic electrochemical anodisation of epitaxial silicon, polycrystalline silicon and silicon on insulator layers

Autori
Ivanda, Mile ; Balarin, Maja ; Gamulin Ozren ; Đerek, Vedran ; Ristić, Davor ; Musić, Svetozar ; Ristić, Mira ; Kosović, Marin

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Poglavlja u knjigama, znanstveni

Knjiga
Advanced sensors for safety and security

Urednik/ci
Vaseashta, Ashok ; Khudaverdyan, Surik

Izdavač
Springer

Grad
London

Godina
2013

Raspon stranica
303-320

ISBN
9789400770171

Ključne riječi
Micro and nano PSi, anodization, Raman, sensors

Sažetak
Porous silicon (PSi) samples were prepared by galvanostatic electrochemical anodization of epitaxial silicon, polycrystalline silicon and silicon on insulator layers. Structural and optical properties of prepared samples were investigated by Raman and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Epitaxial silicon layers of n-type and f111g orientation grown on n-type f111g oriented silicon substrates were anodized as a function of concentration of 48 % HF in ethanol solution and anodization time. Electrical resistivities of the epitaxial layers and of the silicon substrate were 2 and 0.015 cm, successively. Within the epitaxial layer and on the substrate surface, micro- and nano-pores of different sizes in dependence on HF concentration and anodization time were obtained. For anodization times longer than 30 min epitaxially grown layer detached from the substrate. A high density of micrometer sized pores with regions of three-dimensional photonic crystal expressed in an intersecting <113> oriented macropore lattice on f111g oriented crystal was observed. After detaching the epitaxial layer, the black colored substrate consisted of fine nanometer sized cobweb-like silicon structures whose morphology and density depended on HF concentration and anodization time was found. The Raman spectra of such structures show broadened and red-shifted optical phonon band O(), depending on the size of silicon nanostructures. The intensity of PL of such fine porous substrate shows the sensitivity on the level of the optical phonon confinement. Polycrystalline p-type silicon film were prepared by low pressure chemical vapor deposition (LPCVD) and anodized in aqueous hydrofluoric acid (HF)/ethanol electrolyte. The FE-SEM images showed preferential anodization and macro-PSi formation along grain boundaries. Weak PL signal was detected in all samples, while Raman measurements indicated minimal or no confinement effects. The anodization of silicon on insulator layers was performed by direct and alternating currents at 50 Hz. Raman spectra of DC samples showed no significant shift of c-Si peak while PL spectra showed intensive luminescence over the entire surface.When etched with AC, a very intensive PL was observed at the circular edge of the sample that exhibited micrometer sized island-like porous structures, while the center of the sample showed moderate PL signal similar to DC samples. The formation of such island-like structures was interpreted as stress due to difference of the piezoelectric effect of silicon and quartz layers (buried SiO2). Micro-Raman spectra of islands show strong phonon confinement in the range 1.4–3.5 nm.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika, Kemija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0982904-2898 - Fizika i primjena nanostruktura i volumne tvari (Mile Ivanda, )
098-0982904-2952 - Sinteza i mikrostruktura metalnih oksida i oksidnih stakala (Mira Ristić, )
108-1080134-3105 - Mehanizmi narušavanja strukture lipoproteina djelovanjem vanjskih čimbenika (Ozren Gamulin, )
108-1080399-0383 - Muški i ženski spolni sustav: razvoj, normalna histofiziologija i neplodnost (Davor Ježek, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb