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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 642892

Milk protein polymorphism and genetic structure of Croatian Simmental cattle

Čurik, Ino; Lukač Havranek, Jasmina; Samaržija, Dubravka
Milk protein polymorphism and genetic structure of Croatian Simmental cattle // IDF Milk Policy Symposium
Vienna, Austria, 1995. (poster, nije recenziran, sažetak, stručni)

Milk protein polymorphism and genetic structure of Croatian Simmental cattle

Čurik, Ino ; Lukač Havranek, Jasmina ; Samaržija, Dubravka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, stručni

IDF Milk Policy Symposium

Mjesto i datum
Vienna, Austria, 12-13.09.1995

Vrsta sudjelovanja

Vrsta recenzije
Nije recenziran

Ključne riječi
Gene frequency; Population structure; Dairy cattle; Race; Croatia; Milk protein; Polymorphism; Genetic variant; Artiodactyla; Ungulata; Mammalia; Vertebrata; Europe;

The aim of this research was to study the genetic structure of Croatian Simmental from the point of view of milk protein polymorphism. Milk samples (621) were taken from the area of seven breeding units (Bjelovar, Koprivnica, Veliki Zdenci, Dur evac, Vrbovec, Cakovec and Dakovo) and were genotyped, using iso-electric focusing, for αs1-, β-, κ-casein and β-lactoglobulin. The genetic structure of population was modelled by Wright's F-statistics (FST, FIS and FIT coefficients) and was related only to milk protein polymorphism. Four models were built for that purpose: (a) a model that included Austrian, German, Hungarian, Swiss and Croatian Simmental as subpopulations, (b) a model that included Austrian, German, and Croatian Simmental as subpopulations, (c) a model that included breeding units as subpopulations, and (d) a model where hypothetical subpopulations were formed on the basis of the blood origin. Frequencies of milk protein alleles for Croatian Simmental breed were similar to other Simmental populations. Two alleles in αs1-casein locus B (0.94) and C (0.06), four alleles in β-casein locus A1 (0.19), A2 (0.63), B (0.15) and C (0.03) and three alleles in κ-casein locus A (0.64), B (0.30) and C (0.06) were present with corresponding related frequencies marked in parentheses. Two alleles A and B with frequencies 0.52 and 0.48, respectively, were present in the β-lactoglobulin locus. In spite of these similarities and constant immigration of genes from other Simmental populations, there was a significant genetic heterogeneity among Austrian, Croatian and German Simmental (FST = 0.0056), as well as among Austrian, Croatian, German, Hungarian and Swiss Simmental (FST = 0.0083). Significant genetic heterogeneity was also observed among breeding units (FST= 0.0114). The genetic heterogeneity among breeding units is a consequence of the organization of Croatian Simmental cattle breeding and should be taken into account: (a) in the population and quantitative genetic research related to milk protein polymorphism, and (b) when milk protein polymorphisms are going to be implemented as additional information in breeding of Croatian Simmental cattle. Approximately equal frequencies of alleles A and B for β-lactoglobulin locus in all Simmental breeds, as well as in breeding units of Croatian Simmental, in addition to negative values of FIS coefficients in all models, indicate a natural topic for further research.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja
Poljoprivreda (agronomija), Biotehnologija, Prehrambena tehnologija


Agronomski fakultet, Zagreb