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Dietary and breast milk trans fatty acids seen in Croatian breastfeeding women from Adriatic region


Krešić, Greta; Dujmović, Mihela; Mandić, Milena; Delaš, Ivančica
Dietary and breast milk trans fatty acids seen in Croatian breastfeeding women from Adriatic region // Journal of food and nutrition research, 52 (2013), 3; 156-163 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Dietary and breast milk trans fatty acids seen in Croatian breastfeeding women from Adriatic region

Autori
Krešić, Greta ; Dujmović, Mihela ; Mandić, Milena ; Delaš, Ivančica

Izvornik
Journal of food and nutrition research (1336-8672) 52 (2013), 3; 156-163

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Breast milk; breastfeeding women; diet; trans fatty acids

Sažetak
This paper aims to provide the information on the ratio of trans fatty acids (TFA) in breast milk obtained from 83 Croatian breastfeeding women at 3 months postpartum, and to relate that information to dietary TFA intake. The diet was evaluated using two consecutive 24-hour recalls, while breast milk fatty acid composition was determined using gas chromatography. The obtained results showed daily TFA intake to be 2.0 g or 0.8% daily energy intake. The major sources of TFA were bakery, confectionery and fried food (35.4%), together with dairy products (21.7%) and margarine (19.9%). Women having a high level of trans isomers in their milk consumed significantly higher amounts of the above products. The ratio of TFA in total fatty acids was 2.3%, and was inversely correlated to the ratio of arachidonic (r = –0.440, p = 0.040), linoleic (r = –0.275, p = 0.025) and -linolenic (r = –0.213, p = 0.038) acids. It could be concluded that Croatian breastfeeding women should be advised on daily intake of foods which were identified as TFA sources, since TFA ratio in milk reflects mothers’ current diet and could negatively affect essential fatty acids metabolism.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Prehrambena tehnologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
113-0000000-0548 - Prehrana i životne navike u očuvanju zdravlja (Milena Mandić, )

Ustanove
Prehrambeno-tehnološki fakultet, Osijek,
Fakultet za menadžment u turizmu i ugostiteljstvu, Opatija

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus